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The Formation of the Mediterranean Sea
 
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Continued from https://youtu.be/Lw7GpyY2EGs An excerpt from Episode 14 of our Endless Ocean: Blue World Let's Play. http://www.kisamayatsu.com/letsplay/EO2/ https://twitter.com/Zorak
Views: 630546 ZorakGoesOn
World History: The Ancient Mediterranean and Middle East
 
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Richard Bulliet - History of the World to 1500 CE (Session 6) - The Mediterranean and Middle East
Ancient Western Civilizations Timeline  3500BC-476AD
 
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This video documents Ancient western civilization from it's beginning, in 3500BC, to it's end with the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476AD. It provides a good overview of the time period and puts the different civilizations and cultures in perspective to each other, hope you enjoy. It's advised that it be watched in HD and fullscreen mode as this will give the best detail on the map. Western civilization began in approximately 3500BC with the emergence of the first cities, in an area of land known as the fertile crescent. From there civilization spread westward, into Greece, Italy and North Africa. As this happened the old cultures from the chalcolithic period continued to dominate central and northern Europe. Eventually these gave way to the mass migrations of the time and a new tribal system developed. But the spread of civilization continued and the Roman empire extended it into Northern and central Europe, where it stayed until it's fall in 476AD. Christopher Hylander's Channel: http://www.youtube.com/user/Hyland0r
Views: 291922 Historical Endeavours
The evaporating Mediterranean Sea | BBC
 
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New David Attenborough series Dynasties coming soon! Watch the first trailer here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JWI1eCbksdE --~-- Six million years ago the continents of Africa and Europe collided to close the Strait of Gibralter. Starved of water, the Mediterranean Sea evaporated to form a vast desert. The legacy of this vanished ocean? A million years' worth of salt deposited in mines half a kilimetre beneath the island of Sicily. Extraordinary footage taken from the ground-breaking BBC series Earth: The Power of the Planet. Visit http://www.bbcearth.com for all the latest animal news and wildlife videos and watch more high quality videos on the new BBC Earth YouTube channel here: http://www.youtube.com/bbcearth
Views: 390754 BBC Earth
Ancient 'Stonehenge' Monolith Found in the Mediterranean Sea
 
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An ancient Stonehenge-style monolith has been discovered by archeologists lying on the ocean floor off the coast of Sicily offering new insight into historic Mediterranean civilizations. Scientists believe that the mysterious man-made stone carving dates back some 10,000 years and would have required skills not often associated with ancient societies. We look at the discovery on the Lip News with Margaret Howell and Jose Marcelino Ortiz. http://www.news.com.au/technology/science/enormous-monolith-carved-9350-years-ago-found-under-mediterranean-sea/story-fnjwl1aw-1227476030047 http://www.ibtimes.com/scientific-discovery-stonehenge-style-monolith-found-sicily-offers-clues-ancient-2045516 http://thelip.tv/ http://www.youtube.com/theliptv2
Views: 26439 TheLipTV2
The Mediterranean sea
 
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The formation of the Mediterranean Sea, Chapter One - from Journey to the depths of the Mediterranean Sea Ivan Saliba 3D Shaun Arrigo Planetsea Productions www.planetsea.net Malta
Views: 116827 Planetsea
The Lost City of Atlantis - Hidden in Plain Sight - Advanced Ancient Human Civilization
 
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Not only did the lost city of Atlantis actually exist, but its true location has been hiding in plain sight for thousands of years, completely unnoticed, as we’ve been looking in all the wrong places...Since everyone assumes that it must be under the ocean somewhere, such as in the depths of the Atlantic Ocean or the Mediterranean Sea, which have long been considered to be the most likely places for its existence. And no, I am not about to suggest that Antarctica is the hidden location of Atlantis, either. Because in this video, I am going to connect the dots on the exact words that Plato used to describe Atlantis, its location, and the geographical land features that surround it, which were recorded in Plato’s dialogues, the Critias and Timaeus. And the details that Plato shared of Atlantis, which I’m about to share with you in side by side comparison, will show you that the Richat Structure located in Mauritania Africa, also commonly referred to as the Eye of the Sahara, or the Eye of Africa…is the most likely location for the lost city of Atlantis. Help support me in my effort to expose truth, on my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/BrightInsight Link to the Visiting Atlantis documentary website: https://visitingatlantis.com/ My channel discusses many different topics including Lost Ancient Human Civilizations, Intuition & Spirituality, Nikola Tesla, Corruption, Aliens, UFO's and various current events. Thank you for your support!
Views: 3169660 Bright Insight
Gibraltar Breach.mov
 
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Six million years ago, the Mediterranean Sea nearly dried up during what is called the "Messinian Salinity Crisis". This movie shows a physics-based computer simulation of the breach of Gibraltar and the flood of the basin. A similar event 10,000 years ago, in the then populated Black Sea basin, may have been the source of the Noah's Arc narrative. For more tsunami and natural hazard information visit http://es.ucsc.edu/~ward.
Views: 858097 ingomar200
Masters of the Ancient Mediterranean - ROBERT SEPEHR
 
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The ancient Minoan civilization on what is now Crete were one of the first literate populations of the Holocene, meaning the post Ice age era, and we have yet to decipher their writing known as linear A. https://atlanteangardens.blogspot.com/2018/07/masters-of-ancient-mediterranean-robert.html Robert Sepehr is an author, producer, and independent anthropologist. http://www.amazon.com/Robert-Sepehr/e/B00XTAB1YC/ Thank you for the support! https://www.patreon.com/user?u=5703352
Views: 74852 Atlantean Gardens
5 Fascinating Theories Regarding The Ancient Sea Peoples
 
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Views: 25042 Element 3
Sunken Ancient City of Heracleion | ANCIENT WORLD DOCUMENTARY |
 
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It is a city shrouded in myth, swallowed by the Mediterranean Sea and buried in sand and mud for more than 1200 years. For centuries it was thought to be a . In this edition of World History, we are going to present you the facts and information about the lost city of Heracleion i.e., find out all about the history of . Heracleion, also known as Thonis, was an ancient Egyptian city near Alexandria whose ruins are located in Abu Qir Bay, submerged in 150 feet of water.
Views: 42628 Fine Documentary
Ancient Greece & the Mediterranean Islands
 
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In the 2nd century BC, artistic and cultural activities reached their heights in the cities of Ionia, a densely populated area on the cost of modern-day Turkey, as well as on a cluster of islands off the eastern Mediterranean. Priene, Miletus, Delos, "Slave Island", Kos and Rhodes, home of the famous Colossus, are just some of the places we will be visiting. Ionia (Ancient Greek: Ἰωνία or Ἰωνίη; Turkish: İyonya) is an ancient region of central coastal Anatolia in present-day Turkey, the region nearest İzmir, which was historically Smyrna. It consisted of the northernmost territories of the Ionian League of Greek settlements. Never a unified state, it was named after the Ionian tribe who, in the Archaic Period (600--480 BC), settled mainly the shores and islands of the Aegean Sea. Ionian states were identified by tradition and by their use of Eastern Greek. Ionia proper comprised a narrow coastal strip from Phocaea in the north near the mouth of the river Hermus (now the Gediz), to Miletus in the south near the mouth of the river Maeander, and included the islands of Chios and Samos. It was bounded by Aeolia to the north, Lydia to the east and Caria to the south. The cities within the region figured large in the strife between the Persian Empire and the Greeks. According to Greek tradition, the cities of Ionia were founded by colonists from the other side of the Aegean. Their settlement was connected with the legendary history of the Ionic people in Attica, which asserts that the colonists were led by Neleus and Androclus, sons of Codrus, the last king of Athens. In accordance with this view the "Ionic migration", as it was called by later chronologers, was dated by them one hundred and forty years after the Trojan war, or sixty years after the return of the Heracleidae into the Peloponnese. From the 18th century BC the region was a part of the Hittite Empire with possible name Arzawa,which was destroyed by invaders during the 12th century BC together with the collapse of the Empire. Ionia was settled by the Greeks probably during the 11th century BC. The most important city was Miletus (the Milawanta of Hittites). Several centuries later Ionia was the place where western philosophy began and was the homeland of Heraclitus, Thales, Anaximander and Anaximenes. They were natural-philosophers of the Ionian school of philosophy and tried to explain the phenomena according to no-supernatural laws. They also searched a simple material-form behind the appearances of things (origin) and this conception had a great influence on the early archaic art in Greece.
Views: 9795 Ancient Cities
"The Antikythera Shipwreck: Excavating the World's Richest Ancient Shipwreck"
 
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Brendan Foley, Research Specialist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Dr. Foley will discuss the latest discoveries and use of new technology at one of the Mediterranean's most important shipwreck sites, which dates to around 70 BCE. Co-sponsored by the Neukom Institute, the Dartmouth Archaeology Working Group, and the Hood Museum of Art.
Views: 8639 Dartmouth
Pantheons of the Ancient Mediterranean: Crash Course World Mythology #7
 
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In which Mike Rugnetta begins our unit on pantheons, which are families of gods. We further define pantheons and talk about why they're important. Then, we discuss pantheons from the myths of the ancient Mediterranean, starting with ancient Sumer in Mesopotamia. The Egyptian pantheon brings us the story of Osiris and his envious brother Seth. We learn what these two pantheons suggest about the cultures where they originated. Sources: David Leeming, The World of Myth: An Anthology Thury & Devinney, Introduction to Mythology. Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark, Les Aker, Bob Kunz, William McGraw, Jeffrey Thompson, Ruth Perez, Jason A Saslow, Eric Prestemon, Malcolm Callis, Steve Marshall, Advait Shinde, Rachel Bright, Ian Dundore, Tim Curwick, Ken Penttinen, Dominic Dos Santos, Caleb Weeks, Kathrin Janßen, Nathan Taylor, Yana Leonor, Andrei Krishkevich, Brian Thomas Gossett, Chris Peters, Kathy & Tim Philip, Mayumi Maeda, Eric Kitchen, SR Foxley, Justin Zingsheim, Andrea Bareis, Moritz Schmidt, Bader AlGhamdi, Jessica Wode, Daniel Baulig, Jirat -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 727461 CrashCourse
Divers discover ancient treasure trove in shipwreck
 
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Two divers have discovered a treasure trove of coins and sculptures in the shallow waters of the ancient Roman port of Caesarea, on the Mediterranean Sea.
Views: 22983 CNN
ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS : Mycenaeans and Phoenicians
 
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A look at Ancient Civilizations of the Mycenaeans and Phoenicians. A visit to the heart of the first great civilizations between the Euphrates and the Agean Sea takes us to the pre-Hellenic cities of Mycenae, Tiryns, and the legendary Babylonian city of Troy where archeological findings have confirmed existence of the world of heroes that Homer depicted in his epic poems. We will even visit the site of the classic battle between Hector and Achilles. Part 2 starts at 23:15 Phoenecians, the ancient inhabitants of modern-day Lebanon, were known to be expert sailors. Through the eyes of one these seaworthy Phoenecians, we will visit the ancient ports of Byblos, Rhodes, Tharros, Motya, and the famous Roman naval base at Carthage. Ancient Civilizations offers a comparative analysis of the field, including both old world and new civilizations, and explores the connections between all civilizations around the earth.The volume provides a jargon-free introduction to ancient civilizations from the first civilizations, and the great powers in the Near East, to the first Aegean civilizations, the Mediterranean world in the first millennium, Imperial Rome, northeast Africa, divine kings in southeast Asia, and empires in East Asia, as well as early states in the Americas and Andean civilization.For those interested in ancient civilizations. Today’s civilizations owe an immense debt to the powerful empires and mighty cities of antiquity. Their inventions, techniques and concepts enabled the advancement of humankind and lay the foundation for life in the modern world. Explore Ancient History, including videos, pictures, and articles on cultures such as Ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome and more.
Views: 375057 Military History 2015
AFRICANS IN THE ANCIENT MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS
 
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African origins of Europe's first civilizations African Minoans, Myceaneans, Etruscans, Anatolians Africans in Crete, Greece, Rome, Anatolia, Troy African Y-DNA E-M78 found highly in the mediterranean.
Views: 3245 NileValleyHistory
Prehistoric Megastorms - Noah's Great Flood
 
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Visit our new website: http://bestfreedocumentaries.org https://www.facebook.com/bestfreedocumentaries Blog: http://documentarydesire.blogspot.co.uk/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/DocuDesire Could the biblical story of Noah be true? Did real disasters inspire the story of Earth's 40-day submersion, the ultimate "do-over?" Recent core sample discoveries point to a series of events that could have lead to climactic conditions that washed out entire land masses, even destroying complete civilizations. MEGA DISASTERS examines one such cataclysm in great detail: 8000 years ago the Mediterranean Sea, pushed by rising sea levels worldwide, exploded through the Bosporus Strait with devastating results. This ancient inundation may have been the greatest natural disaster in the history of humankind. MEGA DISASTERS reconstructs this massive flood, which claimed an area twice the size of Ireland, and utilizes vivid 3D animation to plunge viewers deep into the experience of this epic catastrophe. NOAH'S GREAT FLOOD, whether apocryphal or literal, is the ultimate tale of man vs. nature (and God, for that matter), and MEGA DISASTERS shows how it may have really happened! https://www.facebook.com/bestfreedocumentaries
Views: 143965 DocumentaryDesire
Traditional Tuna Fishing Mediterranean
 
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CLICK TO WATCH FULL DOCUMENTARY ONLINE: http://www.docsonline.tv/documentary/253 THIS FRAGMENT OF THE DOCUMENTARY "THE COST OF SUSHI - EMPTYING THE SEAS" IS FOR PROMOTION PURPOSES ONLY. WE DO NOT OWN THE MATERIAL EXCLUSIVELY, BUT HAVE A LICENSE CONTRACT FOR INTERNET STREAMING. If unavailable in your territory, or if you are interested in other license requests (feature movie, television, documentary, commercial...), please contact the distributor Java Films: [email protected] Story As American real-life tv shows about tuna fishers are rising in popularity, the fishing industry in the Mediterranean Sea has been under exposed. Yet, these South European waters are filled with danger for the Atlantic bluefin tuna; overfishing and illegal fishing activities have had serious consequences for the bluefin tuna population. The increasing demand for tuna has led to a worldwide decline of the species and their numbers are still dropping rapidly. This profound documentary reveals an ongoing tug-of-war between local fishermen, environmentalists, fish farmers and scientists. Is there a way to put a halt to overfishing and to rescue the bluefin tuna from extinction? Ecological Relevance Since the 1970s the numbers of the Atlantic bluefin tuna have been falling. According to biologists and ecologists, the species is suffering from a historical minimum worldwide. Nontheless, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration announced that Atlantic bluefin tuna currently do not warrant species protection under the Endangered Species Act. This might be a good thing for the fishing industry, but large groups of scientists, the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas and environmental organizations such as Greenpeace and WWF have expressed their concerns.
Views: 298502 DocsOnline
An Ancient Aqueduct on the Mediterranean Sea
 
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Believe it or not, I actually ran into a neighbor of mine at this spot!
Views: 101 Randal McNeill
Scientists Discover Ancient Monolith in Mediterranean Sea
 
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What may have once been used as a lighthouse some 10,000 years ago has been found off the coast of Sicily
Countries and Trade Routes near Mediterranean Sea
 
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Find out about the countries and various trade routes near Mediterranean Sea. The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant. The sea is sometimes considered a part of the Atlantic Ocean, although it is usually identified as a separate body of water.
Views: 56676 Amit Sengupta
Sardegna a Myth in the Mediterranean Sea
 
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A wild island. The island of the "NU (water) RA (sun) GHE (Green Earth) ". With an evocative language, this video tells the foundations of the ancient history of the island of Sardinia and the relationship between Man and Mother Earth. A narrative between myth and reality. Sardinia is an island of fertility, as it was Atlantis, according to Plato. His words, at the beginning, we recall the myth: Sardinia, the island of Myth in the heart of the Mediterranean.
Views: 32144 Visit Sardinia
Sicily The Wonder of the Mediterranean 1
 
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Historian Michael Scott journeys through Sicily to find out how 3,000 years of conquest and settlement have shaped the identity of the island we see today.
Views: 55081 Moe Tease
The Ancient Minoans Aegean Empire
 
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Around 1500 BC, the great Minoan civilization thrived on the islands of Crete and Santorin in the eastern Mediterranean. A guided tour of the legendary sites at Akrotiri, Phasestus, Ayía Triáda and Knosses culminates in a visit to the palace of Minos, famous for its mythical labyrinth. Minoans were traders, and their cultural contacts reached far beyond the island of Crete — to Egypt's Old Kingdom, to copper-bearing Cyprus, Canaan, and the Levantine coasts beyond, and to Anatolia. In late 2009, Minoan-style frescoes and other Minoan-style artifacts were discovered during excavations of the Canaanite palace at Tel Kabri, Israel, leading archaeologists to conclude that the Minoan influence was the strongest foreign influence on that Caananite city state. These are the only Minoan remains ever found in Israel. Minoan techniques and styles in ceramics also provided models, of fluctuating influence, for Helladic Greece. Along with the familiar example of Thera, Minoan "colonies" can be found first at Kastri on Cythera, an island close to the Greek mainland that came under Minoan influence in the mid-third millennium (EMII) and remained Minoan in culture for a thousand years, until Mycenaean occupation in the 13th century. The use of the term "colony", however, like "thalassocracy", has been criticized in recent years. The Minoan strata there replace a mainland-derived culture in the Early Bronze Age, the earliest Minoan settlement outside Crete. The Cyclades were in the Minoan cultural orbit, and, closer to Crete, the islands of Karpathos, Saria and Kasos, also contained Minoan colonies, or settlements of Minoan traders, from the Middle Bronze Age (MMI-II). Most of them were abandoned in LMI, but Minoan Karpathos recovered and continued with a Minoan culture until the end of the Bronze Age. Other supposed Minoan colonies, such as that hypothesised by Adolf Furtwängler for Aegina, were later dismissed by scholars. There was a Minoan colony at Ialysos on Rhodes. Minoan cultural influence indicates an orbit that extended not only throughout the Cyclades (so-called Minoanisation), but in locations such as Egypt and Cyprus. Paintings from the 15th century BC in Thebes, Egypt depict a number of individuals, who are Minoan in appearance, bearing gifts. Inscriptions record these people as coming from Keftiu, or the "islands in the midst of the sea", and may refer to gift-bringing merchants or officials from Crete. Certain locations within Crete emphasize it as an "outward looking" society. The Neopalatial site of Kato Zakros, for instance, is located within 100 metres of the modern shore-line, situated within a bay. Its large number of workshops and the richness of its site materials indicate a potential 'entrepôt' for import and export. Such activities are elaborated in artistic representations of the sea, including the 'Flotilla' fresco from room 5, in the west house at Akrotiri.
Views: 142880 Ancient Cities
Ancient Roman remains - Roman roads in Africa - Mediterranean sea
 
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Best preserved Ancient Roman roads - Africa
Views: 47 Dexwithme X
History: The Greek Empire Documentary on Ancient Greece
 
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Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC[citation needed] to the end of antiquity (c. 600 AD). Immediately following this period was the beginning of the Early Middle Ages and the Byzantine era.[1] Included in ancient Greece is the period of Classical Greece, which flourished during the 5th to 4th centuries BC. Classical Greece began with the repelling of a Persian invasion by Athenian leadership. Because of conquests by Alexander the Great of Macedonia, Hellenistic civilization flourished from Central Asia to the western end of the Mediterranean Sea.
Views: 749897 The History Guy
SUPER NAVIES / The war in the sea. Ancient warships Ancient Discoveries Documentary
 
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Super Navies What ships were in ancient times. Ancient of War at Sea. Ancient marine navy.
Views: 3938 The best Documentary
10 Rare Ancient Greek Discoveries
 
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Here are 10 rare and historical discoveries from a coin where only 12 actually exist to a golden crown found under someones' bed! Subscribe to American Eye http://goo.gl/GBphkv 5. Greek Warrior Helmet This mysterious finding dates back to 5th or 6th century BC and it’s not exactly the helmet itself that’s baffling archaeologists but where it was found and who wore it! This bronze Greek Phalanx helmet was found at the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea but off the coast of Haifa, Israel! It was found by a Dutch dredging ship and it was handed off to the Israeli Antiquities Authorities for further examination. The helmet is in quite remarkable condition for something this old. Experts have two theories on why it was found near Israel. Some claim it was from a Greek mercenary who was paid to fight for the Egyptians. Others believe it was worn by a Greek soldier who was sent into battle against the Persians who ruled the area at the time. Greeks did have some influence in Israel but this helmet dates back a few centuries before that time. 4. Ancient Sea Travel Ancient Greeks might have not only had the power to time travel but also to travel the seas at a much earlier date in time then we once thought. Thanks to this discovery found on the island of Crete, archaeologists can prove that sea travel took place at least 130,000 years ago. The previous known time people were able to trave l by boat was around 60,000 BC. Stone age tools like these axes were found in ancient shelters. They’re very similar to the tools used by our ancient ancestors known as the Homo Erectus. Since the island of Crete has been separated from the mainland of Greece for quite some time now, this leads archaeologists to believe that the only way settlers were able to get here was by some type of boat. How advanced were these boats they had, and what other places were discovered that we might not know about? 3. Spartan Palace? You might be familiar with the ancient Spartans from the movie 300, where King Leonidas leads his small Spartan army into a gruesome battle but could archaeologists have found his palaces after all these years? Just a few miles south of the known location of Sparta near a small village, you can see where it was discovered. The building had around 10 rooms and was found filled with archaic inscription from the 17th to 16th centuries BC. They found a large variety of objects like 20 Bronze swords, and religious symbols. One of the cult like objects found at this possible palace, is this bull’s head cup that you see in this photo. If this is truly the palace of Spartan leader, we’d still be lucky to have some artifacts left over, since the palace was burnt to the ground in the 14th century BC. The Spartan civilization was one of the most important to live in Greece and it mysteriously disappeared around 1200 BC. 2. Ancient Greek Citadel This was declared as one of Jerusalem's greatest archaeological mysteries and it has left many people completely puzzled! The legendary citadel known as the Acra was finally found underneath a parking lot in the center of Jerusalem! This fort was built by Emperor Antiochus the fourth and is finally proof that the Greeks had some influence in the holy town of Jerusalem. The dig site now plunges 3 stories below the surface of the earth and archaeologists search frantically for ruins and artifacts. The fort was later destroyed by Romans and the land near the ruins became a residential area. These sling stones and bronze arrowheads were found at the dig site, close to the old city walls of Jerusalem. 1. Ancient Warrior Tomb US archaeologists claim to have made the most important discovery in Greece in 65 years. They came across a 7 foot tomb in 2015 that contain priceless relics from this remarkable civilization. The tomb contained the remains of a powerful ancient Greek warrior, whose tomb remained untouched for 3.5 thousand years. It’s almost like the Greek version of the tomb of King Tut since; the tomb was not grave robbed. The jewelry had a similar style to that of the Minoans, who flourished on the island of Crete. Here in this illustration, you see how the grave appeared before modern graverobbers got a hold of it. Priceless gold jewelry, as well as strings of pearls were discovered. It’s clear that this warrior was wealthy due to this ivory sword hilt that was found designed with what looks like a bull. What else might we uncover about this advanced, ancient civilisation?
Views: 1017523 American Eye
Shipwreck Detectives-Ancient Shipwreck
 
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Looking for ancient wrecks in the Mediterranean sea.
Views: 658 Nowhere Man
The Trireme   Dreadnought of the Ancient Mediterranean
 
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A trireme (from Latin triremis, literally "three-oarer") was a type of galley, a Hellenistic-era warship that was used by the ancient maritime civilizations of the Mediterranean, especially the Phoenicians, ancient Greeks and Romans. The trireme derives its name from its three rows of oars on each side, manned with one man per oar. The early trireme was a development of the penteconter, an ancient warship with a single row of 25 oars on each side, and of the bireme (Greek: διήρης), a warship with two banks of oars, probably of Phoenician origin. As a ship it was fast and agile, and became the dominant warship in the Mediterranean from the 7th to the 4th century BC, when they were largely superseded by the larger quadriremes and quinqueremes. Triremes played a vital role in the Persian Wars, the creation of the Athenian maritime empire, and its downfall in the Peloponnesian War. The music provided by Hyland0r is available at: http://www.youtube.com/user/Hyland0r
Views: 224328 Historical Endeavours
Ancient Phoenician Ports and Colonies
 
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Phoenecians, the ancient inhabitants of modern-day Lebanon, were known to be expert sailors. Through the eyes of one these seaworthy Phoenecians, we will visit the ancient ports of Byblos, Rhodes, Tharros, Motya, and the famous Roman naval base at Carthage. Phoenicia (UK /fɨˈnɪʃə/ or US /fəˈniːʃə/; from the Greek: Φοινίκη, Phoiníkē; Arabic: فينيقية‎, Finiqyah) was an ancient Semitic civilization situated on the western, coastal part of the Fertile Crescent and centered on the coastline of modern Lebanon and Tartus Governorate in Syria. All major Phoenician cities were on the coastline of the Mediterranean, some colonies reaching the Western Mediterranean. It was an enterprising maritime trading culture that spread across the Mediterranean from 1550 BC to 300 BC. The Phoenicians used the galley, a man-powered sailing vessel, and are credited with the invention of the bireme. They were famed in Classical Greece and Rome as 'traders in purple', referring to their monopoly on the precious purple dye of the Murex snail, used, among other things, for royal clothing, and for their spread of the alphabet (or abjad), from which almost all modern phonetic alphabets are derived. Phoenicians are widely thought to have originated from the earlier Canaanite inhabitants of the region. Although Egyptian seafaring expeditions had already been made to Byblos to bring back "cedars of Lebanon" as early as the 3rd millennium BC, continuous contact only occurred in the Egyptian New Empire period. In the Amarna tablets of the 14th century BC, people from the region called themselves Kenaani or Kinaani (either the same as the Canaanites, or the Kenanites/Cainanites spoken of the Septuagint version of Gen. 10:24), although these letters predate the invasion of the Sea Peoples by over a century. Much later, in the 6th century BC, Hecataeus of Miletus writes that Phoenicia was formerly called χνα (Latinized: khna), a name Philo of Byblos later adopted into his mythology as his eponym for the Phoenicians: "Khna who was afterwards called Phoinix". Phoenicia is really a Classical Greek term used to refer to the region of the major Canaanite port towns, and does not correspond exactly to a cultural identity that would have been recognised by the Phoenicians themselves. It is uncertain to what extent the Phoenicians viewed themselves as a single ethnicity and nationality. Their civilization was organized in city-states, similar to ancient Greece. However, in terms of archaeology, language, life style and religion, there is little to set the Phoenicians apart as markedly different from other Semitic cultures of Canaan. As Canaanites, they were unique in their remarkable seafaring achievements.
Views: 28011 Ancient Cities
Preview - Whales of an Ancient Sea
 
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"Whales of an Ancient Sea" is a series of educational documentary films by Chris & Genevieve Johnson. We join the scientists exploring the Mediterranean, and discover the cetaceans that inhabit this ancient sea. In a region not often associated with wildlife, the Mediterranean sea is a haven for a range of remarkable cetacean species, yet most people do not even know there are whales these waters. Four hundred million people share the precious marine resources of the Mediterranean. Will increasing pressures cause cetaceans to disappear as we are just getting to know them? In the Ionian Sea, we encounter a socializing family of sperm whales with a newborn calf. However, the future for this calf, and its family is uncertain. As their habitat deteriorates due to human pressures, what does the future hold for the most social of the great whales? We follow Oceana on expedition as they document the illegal driftnet fishery. With an estimated 500 driftnet vessels operating in the area, we investigate the fishery and why it still occurs. Common dolphins were once abundant throughout the Mediterranean Sea. Today, they are declining rapidly, surviving only in portions of their former range. Could what is happening to the common dolphins of Kalamos, Greece also explain why they are disappearing throughout the region? What does it mean to save whales, dolphins and porpoises if their habitat is left unprotected? We explore whether establishing marine protected areas (MPAs) for cetaceans are a solution. "Whales of an Ancient Sea" features a range of international scientists and NGOs including Oceana, Tethys Research Institute, Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society, Pelagos Institute, Alnitak, Delphis MDC, OceanCare and WWF. In September 2008, the five documentary films will available online in English with subtitles in French, Spanish, Italian, German, Greek and Arabic. To watch the programs visit - www.earthocean.tv
Views: 5754 earthOCEANtv
WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN CRUISE  -  SPAIN -  ITALY -  FRANCE
 
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Best of WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN CRUISE (all days) Palma, Majorca , Spain - Barcelona, Spain - Naples, Italy - Civitaveccia , Rome, Italy - Livorno, Pisa, Italy - Cannes, France
Views: 25714 BestCruiseTV
Caesarea, An ancient Israeli city in the mediterranean sea.
 
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Caesarea is a city that Herod the Great dedicated to Caesar Augustus more than 2,000 years ago. Today, it is one of Israel's major tourist attractions and an increasingly popular place for Israel's elite to make their homes. Caesarea was originally called Straton's Tower after its founder Straton, who is believed to have been a ruler of Sidon in the 4th century BCE. In 96 BCE the city was captured by Alexander Yannai and remained in the Hasmonean kingdom until it became an autonomous city by Pompey. After being for some time in the possession of Cleopatra, ruler of Egypt, it was returned by Augustus to Herod. Once the site of a Phoenician port, over the course of 12 years Herod built Caesarea into the grandest city other than Jerusalem in Palestine, with a deep sea harbor (called Sebastos, i.e., Augustus in Greek), aqueduct, hippodrome and magnificent amphitheater that remain standing today. Herod renamed the city Caesarea in honor of the emperor. The population of Caesarea was half gentile and half Jewish, often causing disputes among the people. In 6 CE, Caesarea became the home of the Roman governors (Procurators) of Judea. The city remained the capital of Roman and Byzantine Palestine. The Great Revolt of 66-70 CE started in Caesarea when the Jewish and Syrian communities began fighting over a pagan ceremony conducted on Shabbat near the entrance of a synagogue. The Romans ignored the Jewish protests of this provocation and violence soon spread throughout the country. When the Romans finally quelled the revolt, and razed Jerusalem, Caesarea became the capital of Palestine, a status it maintained until the Roman Empire was Christianized by the Emperor Constantine in 325 CE. Caesarea was also the site where the Romans tortured and executed Rabbi Akiva following the Bar Kochba revolt in 135 CE. Caesarea is an important site in Christian history. It was the place where Pontius Pilate governed during the time of Jesus. This was where Simon Peter converted the Roman, Cornelius, the first non-Jew to believe in Jesus. Paul was also imprisoned for two years in Caesarea. During the 3rd century, Caesarea was a center of Christian learning. In the 4th century, the site converted to Christianity and became a major center of the Christian Roman Empire. In 640 CE, Caesarea was the last Palestinian city to fall to the Muslim invaders. After the Muslims swept out of Arabia and across the Middle East, driving out the Romans, Palestine was largely neglected. In 1101, the Crusaders captured the city under the leadership of Baldwin I, only to lose it in 1187 to Saladin. Under the Crusader rule, the Jewish community of Caesaria dwindled until in 1170 only 20 Jews remained. From 1251-1252, the city was entirely reconstructed by Louis IX. In 1265, Caesarea fell to Baybars, the Mamluk sultan of Egypt, who destroyed the city, which remained in ruins until 1884. In 1884, a small fishing village was established on the remains at Caesarea by Muslim refugees from Bosnia. The city was abandoned by its inhabitants during the War of Independence (1948).
Views: 1093 ThePedritoleon
Invasions of the Sea Peoples: Egypt & The Late Bronze Age Collapse
 
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The years between around 1500 and 1200 BC are often cited as some of the most prosperous that the world had ever seen. The Eastern Mediterranean world inhabited by the Egyptians, the Hittites and the Minoans, as well as numerous smaller states around them, was a truly cosmopolitan system rarely seen in world history. Greek and Hittite trade goods regularly show up in archaeological sites in Egypt, whereas Egyptian hieroglyphs and trade goods are found in places such as the island of Crete and Mycenae. One shipwreck off the coast of Turkey carried goods from nine different states aboard. As evidenced by substantial diplomatic communications as well as trade, the world of the Late Bronze Age was a vast interconnected system. The culmination of an unbroken cultural line which had existed since the first cities three thousand years before. Little did the inhabitants of these lands know however that from around 1200 BC their world would catastrophically and violently fall apart in a decades long cataclysm known as the Late Bronze Age Collapse. Music:- Paolo Esposito - Moon Passage https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b6VoGJ1LTXI Derek & Brandon Fiechter - Ramses II https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vslsS-Uu5x4 If you liked this video and have as little as a dollar to spare then please consider supporting me on Patreon for more and better content in the future:- http://www.patreon.com/historytimeUK Are you a budding artist, illustrator, cartographer, or music producer? Send me a message! No matter how professional you are or even if you’re just starting out, I can always use new music and images in my videos. Get in touch! I’d love to hear from you. I've also compiled a reading list of my favourite history books via the Amazon influencer program. If you do choose to purchase any of these incredible sources of information, many of which form the basis of my videos, then Amazon will send me a tiny fraction of the earnings (as long as you do it through the link) (this means more and better content in the future) I'll keep adding to and updating the list as time goes on:- https://www.amazon.com/shop/historytime I try to use copyright free images at all times. However if I have used any of your artwork or maps then please don't hesitate to contact me and I’ll be more than happy to give the appropriate credit. *****This was one of the first videos I ever made.******Subscribe for much better narration on the newer videos and tons more historical awesomeness***** —I’m a science fiction author. Like my Facebook Page to see what I’m up to:- https://www.facebook.com/petekellywriter/ —Join the History Time community on social media:- Patreon:- https://www.patreon.com/historytimeUK Facebook Page:- https://www.facebook.com/HistoryTimeOfficial Facebook Group:- https://www.facebook.com/groups/410224606007519/learning_content/ Instagram:- https://www.instagram.com/historytime_ig/ Twitter:- https://twitter.com/HistoryTimePete
Views: 140058 History Time
Ashkelon: the ancient city on the Mediterranean
 
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Galyn and Toni Wiemers quickly review the ancient Philistine city of Ashkelon on the beech of the Mediterranean Sea in Israel.
Views: 973 Galyn Wiemers
Embark on a Mediterranean Cruise with Princess | Princess Cruises
 
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Embark on a Mediterranean cruise with Princess. Let the Old World inspire a new you as Princess takes you to Europe's classic destinations as well as its less traveled gems. The treasures of a Mediterranean cruise await your exploration, from timeless Venice and the ancient ruins of Rome and Athens to the captivating Greek Isles and beyond. Start planning your cruise to the Mediterranean today. (V3) Connect with Princess: http://www.facebook.com/PrincessCruises http://www.twitter.com/PrincessCruises http://www.google.com/+PrincessCruises http://www.pinterest.com/PrincessCruises http://www.instagram.com/PrincessCruises Be sure to subscribe to the Princess YouTube channel to stay updated on the latest cruise deals, news, and customer reviews: http://www.youtube.com/princesscruises Category Travel & Events License Standard YouTube License
Views: 109730 Princess Cruises
Ancient shipwreck discovered off the coast of Italy
 
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Divers specially trained in Florida's deep underwater caves have discovered cargo from ancient Greek shipwrecks in the Mediterranean sea off the coast of Italy.
Views: 471 ZoominTV
Most Amazing Cities Found UNDERWATER!
 
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Here is the top list of mysterious sunken underwater cities in the world found underwater! These strange and mindblowing but also amazing forgotten ancient underwater ruins are located deep into the ocean. Check out Alexandria, City of Cuba, Yonaguni, Lake Titicaca, Pavlopetri, Lion City, Heracleion and more underwater cities! Subscribe For New Videos! http://goo.gl/UIzLeB Watch our "6 LOST Cities Around The World!" video here: https://youtu.be/0Jx6OToOXos Watch our "World's Most Dangerous And Beautiful Sinkholes!" video here: https://youtu.be/Cp5S6WWZsWc Watch our "Top AMAZING Facts About Planet Earth!" video here: https://youtu.be/2bo0p7ndMZY 1. Yonaguni Pyramids In the mid 80s, Divers found underwater rock terraces and pyramids off the coast of Yonaguni Jima. Yonaguni Jima is an island that lies near the southern tip of Japan's Ryukyu archipelago, About 75 miles off the eastern coast of Taiwan. At first scientists believed they might be natural formations, but There are quarry marks and some writing on the stones and animal statues that have also been found underwater. Now some experts believe that The structures Could be what is left of the mythical city of Mu, a fabled Pacific civilization rumored to have vanished beneath the waves. Masaki Kimura, a marine geologist from the University of Japan, Has been studying the underwater pyramids for over 15 years. The underwater structures include castle ruins, a triumphal arch, five temples and at least one large stadium, all of which are Connected by roads and water channels and are partly shielded by what could be huge retaining walls. Kimura believes the ruins date back to at least 5,000 years, based on the dates of stalactites found inside underwater caves that he says sank with the city. The theory is that the ancient underwater city Might have been sunk by an earthquake or tsunami around 2,000 years ago. Yonaguni invites tourists and researchers to dive freely around the site. 2. Sunken City of Cuba In 2001, A company called Advanced Digital Communications (ADC) was working with Fidel Castro's government to explore Cuban waters looking for sunken Spanish ships loaded with treasure. Their Sonar equipment picked up a series of geometrical structures lying on the bottom of the ocean. Here's a computer generated image of the pyramids and other structures found underwater. The structures and design made it look like there was A gigantic underwater city at the bottom of the Bermuda Triangle. The media went crazy claiming that Atlantis had been discovered in Cuba. There are local legends of the Maya and native Yucatecos that tell of an Island inhabited by their ancestors that vanished beneath the waves. If it's true the structures were made by an ancient civilization, they would have been the Most technologically advanced structures on the planet at that time. Scientists estimate that they would have been built about 50,000 years ago which doesn't seem very likely. The numerous structures and cities that have been discovered underwater around the world Lie less than 120 meters (or 395 feet) below sea level, which comes as no surprise since the sea level never fell below this mark during the time Homo sapiens walked the earth. This Cuban city, if we can call it that, is the Only exception since It is submerged over 700 meters (2300 feet) underwater. If the large structures are actually pyramids, 2 of them are Even larger than the pyramids of Giza and Cheops in Egypt. As of yet there is no plausible explanation for the existence of this city and ADC is still trying to investigate the site. 3. Lake Titicaca Lake Titicaca is Located in the Andes between Bolivia and Peru. It is the largest freshwater lake in South America and was the cradle of Peru's ancient civilizations, including the Inca. Their presence can be seen on Lake Titicaca by the ruins they left behind, including A mysterious underwater temple thought to be between 1,000 and 1,500 years old. In the Incan creation myth, The god Con Tiqui Viracocha emerged from Lake Titicaca. After commanding the sun, moon, and the stars to rise, Viracocha created more human beings from stone. After bringing them to life, Viracocha Commanded them to go and populate the world. The Incas therefore believed that Lake Titicaca was their place of origin, and that upon death, Their spirits would return to this lake. Archeologists located a huge temple in 2000 after following a submerged road (and I'm sure following advice from locals). After 18 days of diving below the clear waters of Titicaca, scientists said they had Discovered a 660-foot long, 160-foot wide temple, a terrace for crops, and a 2,600-foot containing wall along with gold and statues. It is said the lost city was Covered with sediment during a great flood of biblical proportions and local people had passed down the stories of the underwater temple and flood from generation to generation.
Views: 7501821 Origins Explained
1177 BC: The Year Civilization Collapsed (Eric Cline, PhD)
 
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From about 1500 BC to 1200 BC, the Mediterranean region played host to a complex cosmopolitan and globalized world-system. It may have been this very internationalism that contributed to the apocalyptic disaster that ended the Bronze Age. When the end came, the civilized and international world of the Mediterranean regions came to a dramatic halt in a vast area stretching from Greece and Italy in the west to Egypt, Canaan, and Mesopotamia in the east. Large empires and small kingdoms collapsed rapidly. With their end came the world’s first recorded Dark Ages. It was not until centuries later that a new cultural renaissance emerged in Greece and the other affected areas, setting the stage for the evolution of Western society as we know it today. Professor Eric H. Cline of The George Washington University will explore why the Bronze Age came to an end and whether the collapse of those ancient civilizations might hold some warnings for our current society. Considered for a Pulitzer Prize for his recent book 1177 BC, Dr. Eric H. Cline is Professor of Classics and Anthropology and the current Director of the Capitol Archaeological Institute at The George Washington University. He is a National Geographic Explorer, a Fulbright scholar, an NEH Public Scholar, and an award-winning teacher and author. He has degrees in archaeology and ancient history from Dartmouth, Yale, and the University of Pennsylvania; in May 2015, he was awarded an honorary doctoral degree (honoris causa) from Muhlenberg College. Dr. Cline is an active field archaeologist with 30 seasons of excavation and survey experience. The views expressed in this video are those of the speaker and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Capital Area Skeptics.
Views: 2431246 NCASVideo
Ancient City Discovered Underwater
 
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An ancient city dating back back to before 2,000 years B.C. has been discovered underwater by a team of Greek and Swiss archaeologists in the Mediterranean Sea. We look at the The Bronze Age sunken village on the Lip News with Margaret Howell and Elliot Hill. http://www.speroforum.com/a/TJGTRQPMJA31/76356-Bronze-Age-Greek-city-found-underwater#.Vd_J2JZHbCQ Newest Lip News playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LQUDDvHb2Rw&index=1&list=PLjk3H0GXhhGcjJDo6cQBCQprDMQyUQY3r BUZZSAW interview clips - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YibeA_Mfky8&index=1&list=PLjk3H0GXhhGeWhHPas6M9sKUhThquDNOc CRIME TIME clips playlist - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=daAhTa5-Wnk&list=PLjk3H0GXhhGeC9DbpSnIvd2i9BHh2dBvv&index=1 BYOD (Bring Your Own Doc) Highlight Videos- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LdE0frkRBRE&list=PLjk3H0GXhhGeu2DCf6Ouo7hTsA5QB2MAL&index=1 MEDIA MAYHEM short videos playlist - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cN63z88HeLU&index=1&list=PLjk3H0GXhhGcz4un-zws5sMlCLk3NNjDP http://www.thelip.tv https://www.facebook.com/thelip.tv http://www.youtube.com/theliptv
Views: 26525 TheLipTV
Impossible Naval Engineering - Ancient Discoveries History Documentary
 
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Impossible Naval Engineering - Ancient Discoveries (History Documentary) Shot on location in the Mediterranean and the Middle East, Ancient Discoveries unearths amazing technologies we think of as modern, but which actually have their origins in antiquity. The series travels back in time to uncover remarkably sosphisticated inventions and to celebrate the ancient engineers whose ingenuity laid the foundations for todays technology. Naval engineering has led the way in technological advances through all History. For the simple reason that if anything goes wrong at sea, you're dead. Relive the most extraordinary Naval ambitions of antiquity. The macabre collapsible death-yacht,commissioned by Roman emperor Nero, as a one- time-only assassination device--designed to kill his own mother. The ship that needed no engine and powered up-river by itself. The underwater booby trap defense system that smashed through pirate hulls in15th century Italy. The chemical bomb fire ships that killed hundreds on the high seas of ancient Greece. And in a high adrenaline investigation, for the first time on television, we build and test the oldest white-water rapids crafts ever discovered.
Views: 322752 Damon Callender
1 Hour of Ancient Civilizations Music and World Music
 
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Tracklist and other info : iTunes : https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/civilizations/id1052854829 Bandcamp : https://dbfiechter.bandcamp.com/album/civilizations Amazon mp3 : http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B01777OKU4 Listen to this music on Spotify: Spotify : https://open.spotify.com/album/1emNVtqseCmcWV3H4ApPCN *** Tracklist : 0:00 – Babylon 3:01 – Byzantium 6:18 – Roman Republic 9:33 – Spartan Warriors 12:56 – The Turks 16:22 – Arabian Winds 19:45 – Desert Sphinx 23:16 – Norse Tribe 26:13 – Ice Age 30:05 – Aztec Empire 33:03 – Amazon Rainforest 35:55 – Mayan Village 39:10 – Assyrian Fortress 42:08 – Hittite Chariots 45:30 – Sumerians 48:58 – Minoan Palace 51:56 – Phoenician Sailors 55:18 – Silk Road 58:39 – Mongol Archers These great pictures are from Wikimedia (1st pic), Master von San Vitale (2nd pic), Juan Antonio Ribera (3rd pic), Hagrid78 (4th pic), Edward Dodwell (5th pic), Marktarrisse (6th pic), G.W. Seitz and Karl Werner (7th pic), David Revoy (8th pic), Balcsika (9th pic), and TheSax66 (10th pic). Also these pictures are from Eric Pheterson (11th pic), Eddie-mendoza (12th pic), DeviantART (13th pic), Civfanatics Site (14th pic), Wikipedia (15th and 17th pic), Flickr (16th pic), Richard-Karl Karlovitch Zommer (18th pic), and Krum-Strashni (19th pic). 1. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Passing_lion_Babylon_AO21118.jpg 2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Meister_von_San_Vitale_in_Ravenna_003.jpg 3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucius_Quinctius_Cincinnatus#/media/File:Cincinato_abandona_el_arado_para_dictar_leyes_a_Roma,_c.1806_de_Juan_Antonio_Ribera.jpg 4. http://hagrid78.deviantart.com/art/300-88706802 5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Greece#/media/File:Bazar_of_Athens.jpg 6. http://marktarrisse.deviantart.com/art/City-in-the-desert-490024968 7. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Egypt;_the_pyramids_at_Giza_and_the_Sphinx._Colour_Wellcome_V0050141.jpg 8. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Environments-20-cave-door.png 9. http://balcsika.deviantart.com/art/Prehistoric-Mammals-Woolly-Mammoths-437300542 10. http://thesax66.deviantart.com/art/Ahuizotl-s-Reach-514305472 11. https://www.flickr.com/photos/pheterson/9689326243 12. http://eddie-mendoza.deviantart.com/art/Mayan-Skyscraper-448113708 13. http://foxstox.deviantart.com/art/Ancient-Assyrian-Wall-Carving-54950364 14. http://forums.civfanatics.com/showthread.php?t=277463&langid=2 15. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wheel#/media/File:Ur_chariot.jpg 16. https://www.flickr.com/photos/carolemage/14135156393/in/photostream/ 17. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenicia#/media/File:Phoenician_ship.jpg 18. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samarkand 19. http://medievalcommunity.deviantart.com/art/Mongol-Horseman-29507917 This beautiful thumbnail is from jbrown67 on DeviantArt. http://jbrown67.deviantart.com/art/An... ~ All music is composed by Derek and Brandon Fiechter ~
Views: 556394 Derek & Brandon Fiechter
ANCIENT GREECE : THE ODYSSEY - Full Documentary HDTV
 
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Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (c. 600 AD). Immediately following this period was the beginning of the Early Middle Ages and the Byzantine era. Roughly three centuries after the Late Bronze Age collapse of Mycenaean Greece, Greek urban poleis began to form in the 8th century BC, ushering in the period of Archaic Greece and colonization of the Mediterranean Basin. This was followed by the period of Classical Greece, an era that began with the Greco-Persian Wars, lasting from the 5th to 4th centuries BC. Due to the conquests by Alexander the Great of Macedonia, Hellenistic civilization flourished from Central Asia to the western end of the Mediterranean Sea. The Hellenistic period came to an end with the conquests and annexations of the eastern Mediterranean world by the Roman Republic, which established the Roman province of Macedonia in Roman Greece, and later the province of Achaea during the Roman Empire. Classical Greek culture, especially philosophy, had a powerful influence on ancient Rome, which carried a version of it to many parts of the Mediterranean Basin and Europe. For this reason Classical Greece is generally considered to be the seminal culture which provided the foundation of modern Western culture and is considered the cradle of Western civilization.
Capri, The Island of The Emperors - Mediterranean Sea - Italy - Travel & Discover
 
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The etymology of the name Capri is unclear; it might either be traced back to the Ancient Greeks, the first recorded colonists to populate the island. But it could also derive from Latin capreae (goats). Fossils of wild boars have been discovered, lending credence to the "kapros" etymology; on the other hand, the Romans called Capri "goat island". Finally, there is also the possibility that the name derives from an Etruscan word for "rocky", though any historical Etruscan rule of the island is disputed. Capri is a large, limestone and sandstone rock. The sides of the island are perpendicular cliffs and the surface of the island is composed of more cliffs. Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=TravelAndDiscover1 Soundtrack by Roberto Durkovic from the Album Silenzio Ascoltato, available on: SPOTIFY https://open.spotify.com/album/17SJrEnjtNE6SbADqefMpI iTUNES https://geo.itunes.apple.com/it/album/id1286820182?at=1l3v9Tx&app=itunes AMAZON http://amzn.to/2waSYgD DEEZER http://www.deezer.com/it/album/48507042
Views: 529 Travel And Discover
Greeks Romans Vikings The Founders Of Europe - Episode 1: The Greeks - History Documentary HD
 
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Greeks Romans Vikings The Founders Of Europe - Episode 1: The Greeks - History Documentary HD. Ancient Greece, the cradle of modern Europe. Around 3000 years ago, the cultural foundations of western civilisation were laid right here, on the shores of the Mediterranean. It’s the birthplace of democracy, where great thinkers forged the beginnings of scientific reasoning, where theatre was turned into mass entertainment, and where the Olympic Games began. Imaginative animation, stunning visuals and an entertaining narrative combine in an extraordinary exploration of Greece and the rise of an ancient super-power that would leave a permanent mark on society. Good SBS documentary, from Germany, in German & Greek. Please be merciful with the parts where Greeks (who don't really look like Greeks but rather like Middle Easterns) speak German... :) ........................................................ The legacy of the Greeks is under assault today thus deserves defence and celebration for the simple reason that much of what we are is the result of that brilliant examination of human life first begun by the Greeks; as Jacob Burckhardt says, "We see with the eyes of the Greeks and use their phrases when we speak." We must listen to the Greeks not because they will give us answers, but because they first identified the questions and problems, and they knew too where the answers must come from: the minds of free human beings who have control over their own lives. And this, finally, is the greatest good we have received from the Greeks: the gift of freedom. The Greeks are accused by some of stealing their achievements from Egyptians and Babylonians, of oppressing their wives and daughters, and of hypocritically speculating about freedom while holding slaves. And that is the greatest irony: the spirit of criticism that among so many academics has fossilized into a pose has its origins nowhere but among the Greeks, who were the first to question critically everything from the gods to political power to their very selves, the first to live what Socrates called “the examined life”. As Victor Hanson and John Heath write, “Not one of the multicultural classicists really wishes to live under indigenous pre–Colombian ideas of government, Arabic protocols for female behaviour, Chinese canons of medical ethics, Islamic traditions of church and state, African approaches to science, Japanese ideas of race, Indian social castes, or Native American notions of private property.” Classic Greek culture has come under attack precisely because its achievement, extended into history, is what defines the West and makes it distinct. What is valuable in the much abused Western tradition, hence the examined life, the pursuit of truth, the dialogue about the place of the individual in the larger group, comes from the Greeks. Humanism, reason, the pursuit of knowledge and the arts, moderation and civic responsibility, all come from the Greeks. The failings of the Greeks, including not living up to their own ideals, are the failings of humanity everywhere. But their ideals, still alive today, led to the recognition of a common humanity that was more important than gender or social status, more profound than local or tribal affiliations. Without this insight, slavery might never have been abolished in the West, women might never have been granted equality, and the liberal notion that all humans possess innate rights merely as a virtue of being human would never have existed. (Bruce Thornton, “Greek Ways: How the Greeks Created Western Civilization”, 2002, "Defending the Greeks", Private Papers, 2005, Victor Davis Hanson, John Heath, “Who Killed Homer: The Demise of Classical Education and the Recovery of Greek Wisdom, 1998”)
Views: 450841 Macedonian Always Greek
Mediterranean Sea Trade
 
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600-1450 AP World History Mediterranean Sea Project :)
Views: 82 Luna O
The rise and fall of the Assyrian Empire - Marian H Feldman
 
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Check out our Patreon page: https://www.patreon.com/teded View full lesson: https://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-rise-and-fall-of-the-assyrian-empire-marian-h-feldman Before the sun never set on the British Empire; before Genghis Khan swept the steppe; before Rome extended its influence to encircle the Mediterranean Sea; there was ancient Assyria. Considered by historians to be the first true empire, Assyria’s innovations laid the groundwork for every superpower that has followed. Marian H Feldman details the rise and fall of the Assyrian Empire. Lesson by Marian H Feldman, animation by Naghmeh Farzaneh. Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Without you this video would not be possible! Ricki Daniel Marbun, James Bruening, Ricardo Diaz, Danny Romard, Mariana Ortega, Leen Mshasha, Hector Quintanilla, Raheem , Roman Pinchuk, Soma Ali, Ai Ejima, Barbara Younker, Ojas Kapoor, Maurice Castonguay, Ryan Hooker, Benjamin Chan, Dominick Biolsi, Pi Guanghui, Terry Minion, and Rob Johnson.
Views: 1038140 TED-Ed

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