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Victims of Hollywood's Blacklist
 
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Former cast and crew of Hollywood talk about being labeled as a communist and being blacklisted from the entertainment business.
Views: 37171 The Hollywood Reporter
The Hollywood Blacklist: 1947-1960
 
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The Hollywood blacklist began in 1947 when the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) began to subpoena artists, producers and screenwriters to investigate communist sympathies in Hollywood. Over the next thirteen years, it came to include Charlie Chaplin, Leonard Bernstein, Dashiell Hammett, Arthur Miller, Paul Robeson, Dorothy Parker, Pete Seeger and Orson Welles. Ten artists, known as the "Hollywood Ten," originally refused to cooperate with HUAC and were cited for contempt of congress. They were fired and blacklisted by the Motion Picture Association of America the next day in a public announcement. All ten served up to a year in prison, were fined $1,000 and faced great difficulty working in Hollywood again. In 1950, a pamphlet called "Red Channels" accused 151 actors, writers, directors, musicians and performers of having pre-war connections to left-wing or communist organizations. Those listed were blacklisted from working until they renounced their affiliations and testified to the HUAC. As individuals cooperated and "named names," the list grew. Altogether some 320 people in the entertainment industry were blacklisted for suspected involvement in "subversive" activities. "Friendly witnesses" included Gary Cooper, Ronald Reagan and Walt Disney, who claimed the League of Women Voters was a Communist front. HUAC critics, on the other hand, formed the Committee for the First Amendment in support of the Hollywood Ten. It included Humphrey Bogart, Lauren Bacall, Henry Fonda, Gene Kelly, Judy Garland and Frank Sinatra. The group flew to Washington D.C. in October 1947 to protest HUAC hearings. In 1952, the famous director Elia Kazan named eight former friends from the Group Theater in New York as communist party members (his 1954 film "On the Waterfront" is often viewed as a defense of informers). This ended his long friendship with Arthur Miller and inspired Miller's play "The Crucible" (1953) about the Salem witch hunt of 1692. In 1957, Miller was convicted of contempt of congress for refusing to name names. The blacklist was effectively broken in 1960 when Dalton Trumbo, an unrepentant member of the Hollywood Ten, was publicly acknowledged as the screenwriter of the films "Spartacus" and "Exodus."
Views: 203091 jnussbau
What is the Hollywood Blacklist?
 
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The Hollywood Blacklist refers to a period during the 40s and 50s in America’s entertainment industry where a committee created by the House of Representatives called the House Un-American Activities Committee was tasked with uncovering communist sympathizers, and other American citizens considered to be disloyal to the values and principles of the American government. Considering the United States’ cold war with Russia was in full swing by the end of the 40s, some in the American government thought that members of the Hollywood film industry were trying to sneak communist propaganda into films and Hollywood labor practices. Support this channel on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/cinematyler Twitter: http://twitter.com/cinematyler Facebook: http://facebook.com/cinematyler Tumblr: http://cinematyler.tumblr.com This video essay was written, edited, and narrated by Tyler Knudsen. "I'm No Communist" by Humphrey Bogart http://www.oldmagazinearticles.com/1948-Humphrey_Bogart_on_Hollywood_Blacklist_editorial_pdf Sources: http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1850.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hollywood_blacklist Music: "Sinking Feeling" by Jesse Spillane
Views: 17871 CinemaTyler
Top 10 Famous People Who Were Blacklisted by Hollywood
 
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Top 10 Famous People Who Were Blacklisted From Hollywood Subscribe: http://goo.gl/Q2kKrD // TIMESTAMPS BELOW Be sure to visit our Suggest Tool and Submit Ideas that you would like to see made into Top 10 videos! http://www.WatchMojo.com/Suggest When and actor or actress is blacklisted, it means that movie studios in Hollywood won't cast them, and no one will is willing to give them a chance to work in a film. WatchMojo presents the Top 10 Famous People Who Were Blacklisted from Hollywood! But who will take the top spot on our list? Dalton Trumbo, Mel Gibson, or Charlie Chaplin? Watch to find out! 00:38 #10. Mo’Nique 01:42 #9. Lloyd Bridges 02:38 #8. Isaiah Washington 03:28 #7. Lena Horne 04:37 #6. Jim Caviezel 05:36 #5. Katherine Heigl 06:31 #4. Tippi Hedren 07:34 #3, #2, #1 ??? Big thanks to jkellis for suggesting this idea, and to see how WatchMojo users voted, check out the suggest page here: http://www.watchmojo.com/suggest/Top+10+Famous+People+Who+Were+Blacklisted Our Magazine!! Learn the inner workings of WatchMojo and meet the voices behind the videos, articles by our specialists from gaming, film, tv, anime and more. VIEW INSTANTLY: http://goo.gl/SivjcX WatchMojo's Social Media Pages http://www.Facebook.com/WatchMojo http://www.Twitter.com/WatchMojo http://instagram.com/watchmojo Get WatchMojo merchandise at shop.watchmojo.com WatchMojo’s ten thousand videos on Top 10 lists, Origins, Biographies, Tips, How To’s, Reviews, Commentary and more on Pop Culture, Celebrity, Movies, Music, TV, Film, Video Games, Politics, News, Comics, Superheroes. Your trusted authority on ranking Pop Culture.
Views: 2561576 WatchMojo.com
10 Fascinating Facts About the Hollywood BLACKLIST
 
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Check out our New Biography Channel: https://www.youtube.com/c/biographics Following the end of World War II, the fear of nuclear war with the Soviet Union caused many organizations to buckle down on what they considered to be American values. In Hollywood, it was no different. In 1944, the Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals (or “MPA” for short) was created. Any screenwriter, director, or actor who was even suspected of being involved with the Communist party was blacklisted from the industry. →Subscribe for new videos every day! https://www.youtube.com/user/toptenznet?sub_confirmation=1 Help us translate our videos: https://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_queue?msg=10&tab=0 - Learn more why you might want to help: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6052538 Find more lists at: http://www.toptenz.net Entertaining and educational top 10 lists from TopTenzNet! Subscribe to our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TopTenz/ Business inquiries to [email protected] Other TopTenz Videos: Top 10 Reasons President George W Bush is Totally Underrated https://youtu.be/65nH4utuEHo?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnKy_Pe6Iqm2LgwF52sXiPM5 Top 10 Hilariously Dumb Things Said by Presidential Candidates https://youtu.be/C0Z3Mw-1A9w?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnKy_Pe6Iqm2LgwF52sXiPM5 Text version: http://www.toptenz.net/10-fascinating-facts-hollywood-blacklist.php Coming up: 10. Fair Wage Protests 9. The Wrath of Hedda Hopper 8. The Hollywood Ten 7. The Company Man 6. Killing Feminism 5. John Wayne Supported The Witch Hunt 4. Walt Disney and the MPA 3. Ronald Reagan Took a Stand 2. The Committee for the First Amendment 1. Breaking the Blacklist Source/Further reading: https://books.google.com/books?id=TX-7AAAAIAAJ&lpg=PA241&ots=VTyWnNHsYU&dq=Fair%20Wage%20Protests%20hollywood%20communists&pg=PA241#v=onepage&q&f=false http://time.com/4744831/hollywood-writers-strike-what-know/ https://youtu.be/GeomYMvnMNc http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-3452100/Gossip-Queen-struck-terror-Hollywood-Played-Helen-Mirren-Hilda-Swinton-two-new-films-Hedda-Hopper-bury-careers-one-swipe-pen.html https://youtu.be/taancRcLQ8o http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/lists/hollywood-ten-men-who-refused-839762/item/alvah-bessie-1904-1985-839779 https://youtu.be/6FuQ_D2ycHU https://youtu.be/VEsEqoAQYrg https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2e8QkVMM7j8 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VEsEqoAQYrg https://www.vanityfair.com/hollywood/2017/02/high-noons-secret-backstory https://books.google.com/books?id=NgARIndAbjAC&lpg=PA240&dq=Motion%20Picture%20Alliance%20for%20the%20Preservation%20of%20American%20Ideals&pg=PA240#v=onepage&q&f=false https://youtu.be/ensqVTnGkNw http://www.bnd.com/living/liv-columns-blogs/answer-man/article65410577.html http://www.oldmagazinearticles.com/1948-Humphrey_Bogart_on_Hollywood_Blacklist_editorial_pdf https://youtu.be/n0dZ_2ICpJE https://artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/12/20/dalton-trumbos-screenwriting-credit-restored-to-roman-holiday/ https://c1.staticflickr.com/8/7402/27319035321_d533a916d1_b.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e7/Waiting_for_relief_checks_during_Great_depression.jpg http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/.a/6a00d8341c630a53ef01310f88397e970c-pi https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c2/Hedda-Hopper-1929.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c6/Merle_Oberon-publicity.JPG https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GeomYMvnMNc https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/03/Hedda_Hopper_Stars_of_the_Photoplay.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f5/Chairman_Dies_of_House_Committee_investigating_Un-American_activities.jpg https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=taancRcLQ8o https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cd/Lester_Cole.jpg
Views: 85131 TopTenz
Hollywood Communists!
 
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Combining familiar newsreel footage with freshly shot material, David Helpern's Hollywood on Trial is a documentary concerning the "communist witch-hunt" era. In the years following World War II, several ambitious Washington politicos were anxious to dissipate the last traces of Roosevelt's New Deal, and in so doing labelled virtually everything hinting of liberalism as communistic. These cynical crusaders couldn't make the headlines if they merely concentrated on such "radicals" as college professors and pamphleteers, so they targeted the most public industry of all: Motion Pictures. That's why the House UnAmerican Activities Committee conducted one-sided "investigations" of the Hollywood Left, and that's why so many actors, writers and directors found themselves on the Blacklist that no producer would ever admit existed. Most of Hollywood on Trial concerns itself with the misadventures of the "Hollywood Ten," a group of writers and directors who refused to answer the committee's questions and wound up in jail as a result. John Huston, himself briefly under scrutiny from the HUAC for being "unfriendly," narrates this surprisingly objective, multi-viewpointed film. ~ Hal Erickson, Rovi
Views: 36106 Michael Vermeylen
The Hollywood Ten (1950)
 
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"Who were the Hollywood Ten? This 1950 documentary gives us a closer look at the ten blacklisted film writers and directors who defied the government and the sentiments of their day by refusing to testify during the HUAC anti-Communist hearings. John Berry, who directed the documentary, was blacklisted himself upon its release." (Ironweed Films)
Views: 131129 Matthew Hormann
Betty Garrett discusses the Hollywood Blacklist - EMMYTVLEGENDS.ORG
 
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Full interview at http://www.emmytvlegends.org/interviews/people/Betty-Garrett
Views: 25416 FoundationINTERVIEWS
MOVIES ABOUT THE HOLLYWOOD BLACKLIST AND RED SCARE
 
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The Hollywood Blacklist was a time in the late 1940's through the 1950's when the U.S. government denied employment to screenwriters, actors, directors, musicians, and other entertainment professionals because of their suspected political beliefs or associations. Several great Hollywood movies have dealt with this subject and this video highlights some of the best of those films. This video is dedicated to actress/author/activist Lee Grant, herself a blacklisted actress, because her new autobiography "I Said 'Yes' To Everything" inspired me to make this video and to Victory Navasky who wrote the book "Naming Names," arguably the definitive book about the subject. THIS VIDEO IS FOR EDUCATIONAL VIEWING PURPOSES ONLY AND NOT FOR SALE, UNDER THE FAIR USE ACT. This video "Compilation" is protected by copyright, Title 17, Ch 1, section 103. The copyright in this Compilation extends only to the material assembled and arranged by the author, and does not imply any exclusive right in the preexisting material. Allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. This video may not be reproduced or sold. Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.
Views: 2310 shootingin24p
Red Hollywood - Enemies Foreign and Domestic (Myth20c - Ep33)
 
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Hollywood - America’s beacon to the world at home and abroad. Who controls it, and what they say - has been integral to the United States’ sociopolitical culture since the movies became a major American pastime in the Great Depression. During the Second World War and shortly thereafter during the Cold War, the writers, producers, and directors in Hollywood received close scrutiny from Washington DC, most notably by actively collaborating with producing war propaganda after America’s entry into WWII, and then later bringing nearly 300 Hollywood notables before Congress to testify as to the communist influence in the movie industry. Those that refused to answer the infamous question ‘Are you now or have you ever been a member of the Communist Party?’ became known as the Hollywood Ten, and were sentenced in 1950 to 1 year in federal prison for contempt of Congress. The day after the House of Representatives voted to cite the Ten for contempt, film industry executives issued the Waldorf Statement, stating they would not employ anyone known to be Communists or anyone refusing to swear otherwise. This then became known as the infamous blacklist, which later reached iconic status in American popular culture as a group unjustly persecuted for their political beliefs. Yet the motives behind the blacklist are less clear, as were the those of the Ten, as the subsequent decades have revealed other forces at work beyond those most commonly cited. -- Brought to you by -- Nick Mason, Adam Smith, Hans Lander, and Hank Oslo - https://myth20c.wordpress.com/2017/08/31/red-hollywood-enemies-foreign-and-domestic/ ~~-- Donations: https://makersupport.com/Myth20c --~~ 16UQ6ukmTjz4Z7Ce4n23bN6tKGnU7XkPeQ - http://twitter.com/myth20c - http://socialmatter.net -- Timeline -- 1915 - ‘The Birth of a Nation’ released to American theaters, captivating audiences, becoming one of the most controversial films of all time 1917 - Russian Revolution by Bolshevik Communists, headed by an overwhelmingly Jewish leadership destroys the Czarist monarchy 1919 - The Overman Committee is established to investigate growing Bolshevik activity in the United States. 1910s-1920s - Establishment of 8 major film studios by primarily Eastern European Jewish immigrants, transforms the US film industry. The studios were 20th Century Fox, RKO Pictures, Paramount Pictures, Warner Bros., Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Universal Pictures, Columbia Pictures, and United Artists. 1922 - The Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America (MPPDA) is formed by Will H. Hays, a Protestant. The MPPDA would later become the Motion Picture Association of America in 1945. 1927-1928 - The advent of "talkies", or films with integrated sound elements, drive immense demand in the growing American middle class for Hollywood entertainment. 1930 - The Fish Committee is established to investigate foreign Communist infiltration of the US government. 1935 - V.J. Jerome, Cultural Commissar of the CPUSA, travels to Hollywood to develop a branch for conversion and recruitment of Hollywood professionals. 1937 - A major leader of the Hollywood Communists, John Howard Lawson, travels out to Hollywood on the orders of the CPUSA. 1939 - The USSR invades Finland, prompting the Hollywood Anti-Nazi League to rebrand and inadvertently support the Third Reich. 1944 - ‘Song of Russia’, an overtly pro-Soviet film, is released to the American public, developed in part by several crypto-Communists and members of the Hollywood Ten. 1947-1948 - The US Congress, with what later becomes known as HUAC, begins deeply investigating Hollywood and suspected collusion with Communists, calling forth dozens of high profile individuals to testify. Later that year and into early 1948, the Hollywood Ten are found in contempt of Congress and subsequently fined and "blacklisted" from the industry. 1950 - The Hollywood Ten are sentenced to 1 year in federal prison for contempt of Congress (Note from Nick: I was having some serious technical issues throughout the first half of the recording. There is some redundancy due to the fact I could not hear my co-hosts replies to some of my questions and comments. Apologies to the listeners, it will be fixed for future episodes.)
The Secret Truth Behind the Hollywood Ten and the Blacklist
 
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The following ten individuals were cited for contempt of Congress and blacklisted after refusing to answer questions about their alleged involvement with the Communist Party:[71] Alvah Bessie, screenwriter Herbert Biberman, screenwriter and director Lester Cole, screenwriter Edward Dmytryk, director Ring Lardner Jr., screenwriter John Howard Lawson, screenwriter Albert Maltz, screenwriter Samuel Ornitz, screenwriter Adrian Scott, producer and screenwriter Dalton Trumbo, screenwriter In late September 1947, HUAC subpoenaed 79 individuals on a claim that they were subversive and the supposition that they injected Communist propaganda into their films. Although never substantiating this claim, the investigators charged them with contempt of Congress when they refused to answer the questions about their membership in the Screen Writers Guild and Communist Party. The Committee demanded they admit their political beliefs and name names of other Communists. Nineteen of those refused to co-operate, and due to illnesses, scheduling conflicts, and exhaustion from the chaotic hearings, only 10 appeared before the Committee. These men became known as the Hollywood Ten.[72] Belonging to the Communist Party did not constitute a crime, and the Committee's right to investigate these men was questionable in the first place. These men relied on the First Amendment's right to privacy, freedom of speech, and freedom of thought, but the Committee charged them with contempt of Congress for refusing to answer questions. Later defendants - except Pete Seeger - tried different strategies.[73] Acknowledging the potential for punishment, the Ten still took bold stands, resisting the authority of HUAC. They yelled at the Chairman and treated the Committee with open indignation, emanating negativity and discouraging outside public favor and help. Upon receiving their contempt citations, they believed the Supreme Court would overturn the rulings, which did not turn out to be the case, and as a result, they were convicted of contempt and fined $1,000 each (or, over $10,700 USD in 2016 dollars, when adjusted for inflation), and sentenced to six-months to one-year prison terms. HUAC did not treat the Ten with respect either, refusing to allow most of them to speak for more than just a few words at a time. Meanwhile, witnesses who had arranged to co-operate with the Committee (such as the anti-Communist screenwriter Ayn Rand) were allowed to speak at length.[75] Martin Redish suggests that at this time, the First Amendment's right of free expression in these cases was used to protect the powers of the government accuser(s), instead of the rights of the citizen-victims.[76] After witnessing the well-publicized ineffectiveness of the Ten's defense strategy, later defendants chose to plead the Fifth Amendment (against self-incrimination), instead. Public support for the Hollywood Ten wavered, as everyday citizen-observers were never really sure what to make of them. Some of these men later wrote about their experiences as part of the Ten. John Howard Lawson, the Ten's unofficial leader, wrote a book attacking Hollywood for appeasing HUAC. While mostly criticizing the studios for their weakness, Lawson also defends himself/the Ten and criticizes Edward Dmytryk for being the only one to recant and eventually co-operate with HUAC.[77] In his 1981 autobiography, Hollywood Red, screenwriter Lester Cole stated that all of the Hollywood Ten had been Communist Party USA members at some point.[78] Other members of the Hollywood Ten, such as Dalton Trumbo[79] and Edward Dmytryk,[80] publicly admitted to being Communists while testifying before the Committee. When Dmytryk wrote his memoir about this period, he denounced the Ten, and defended his decision to work with HUAC. He claimed to have left the Communist Party before having been subpoenaed, defining himself as the "odd man out". He condemns the Ten's legal tactic of defiance, and regrets staying with the group for as long as he did. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hollywood_blacklist#The_Hollywood_Ten_and_other_1947_blacklistees
Views: 218 Way Back
Blacklist and Hollywood 10 Mystery & Scandals
 
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Hollywood 10 Ten Blacklist from Mysteries and Scandals
Views: 57885 Bob Daugherty
Frame By Frame: Hollywood Blacklisting
 
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UNL Film Studies professor Wheeler Winston Dixon takes a look at the causes and effects of the Hollywood blacklists of the 1950s and 60s.
STACEY DASH  Trump Kanye, Hollywood Blacklisting JESSE LEE PETERSON THE FALLEN STATE
 
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STACEY DASH Trump Kanye, Hollywood Blacklisting JESSE LEE PETERSON THE FALLEN STATE
John Wayne on the Hollywood Blacklist, the American Way of Life & why he disliked 'High Noon'
 
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John Wayne talks about the Hollywood Blacklist, the American Way of Life and how he disliked 'High Noon' in 1974 Parkinson interview. 'Flipping Hollywood’s Blacklist Narrative' - by Ron Capshaw - on Allan Ryskind's 'Hollywood Traitors' http://www.libertylawsite.org/book-review/flipping-the-hollywood-blacklist-narrative/ http://www.amazon.com/Hollywood-Traitors-Blacklisted-Screenwriters-Agents/dp/1621572064
Views: 206621 Eyes On Cinema
HUAC and the Hollywood ten
 
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For educational purposes only
Views: 2089 Stephanie Duley
Sound Smart: The Hollywood 10 | History
 
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Historian Yohuru Williams discusses key facts about the Hollywood 10, a group of film directors, screenwriters, and producers blacklisted for Communist affiliations in 1947. Subscribe for more from HISTORY on YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=historychannel Newsletter: https://www.history.com/newsletter Website - http://www.history.com Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/History Twitter - https://twitter.com/history Google+ - https://plus.google.com/+HISTORY HISTORY Topical Video Season 1 Episode 1 Whether you're looking for more on American Revolution battles, WWII generals, architectural wonders, secrets of the ancient world, U.S. presidents, Civil War leaders, famous explorers or the stories behind your favorite holidays, get the best of HISTORY with exclusive videos on our most popular topics. HISTORY®, now reaching more than 98 million homes, is the leading destination for award-winning original series and specials that connect viewers with history in an informative, immersive, and entertaining manner across all platforms. The network’s all-original programming slate features a roster of hit series, epic miniseries, and scripted event programming. Visit us at HISTORY.com for more info.
Views: 21863 HISTORY
The Hollywood Blacklist
 
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The Hollywood Blacklist
Views: 118 John Martin
The Hollywood Ten
 
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A group of men in a 20th century witch hunt.
Views: 4508 samethyst
Mo'Nique Speaks On Hollywood BLACKLISTING "Isaiah Washington"
 
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Share your thoughts below...
Views: 3021 ChessNotCheckersTV
7 Famous Victims of The Hollywood Blacklist
 
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Thanks for watching... Dalton Trumbo https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dalton_Trumbo Pete Seeger https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pete_Seeger Orson Welles https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orson_Welles Lena Horne https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lena_Horne Charlie Chaplin https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlie_Chaplin Lee Grant https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lee_Grant Dashiell Hammett https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dashiell_Hammett Source: http://www.history.com/news/history-lists/7-famous-victims-of-the-hollywood-blacklist Music: Voyeur,Jingle Punks; YouTube Audio Library The Hollywood blacklist—as the broader entertainment industry blacklist is generally known—was the practice of denying employment to screenwriters, actors, directors, musicians, and other American entertainment professionals during the mid-20th century because they were accused of having communist ties or sympathies. Artists were barred from work on the basis of their alleged membership in or sympathy with the Communist Party USA or refusal to assist investigations into the party's activities. Even during the period of its strictest enforcement, the late 1940s through the late 1950s, the blacklist was rarely made explicit or verifiable, but it directly damaged the careers of scores of individuals working in the film industry. The first systematic Hollywood blacklist was instituted on November 25, 1947, the day after ten writers and directors were cited for contempt of Congress for refusing to testify to the House Un-American Activities Committee. A group of studio executives, acting under the aegis of the Motion Picture Association of America, fired the artists—the so-called Hollywood Ten—and made what has become known as the Waldorf Statement. On June 22, 1950, a pamphlet entitled Red Channels was published. Focused on the field of broadcasting, it identified 151 entertainment industry professionals in the context of "Red Fascists and their sympathizers." Soon, most of those named, along with a host of other artists, were barred from employment in most of the entertainment field. The blacklist lasted until 1960, when Dalton Trumbo, a Communist Party member from 1943 to 1948 and member of the Hollywood Ten, was credited as the screenwriter of the highly successful film Exodus, and later publicly acknowledged by actor Kirk Douglas for writing the screenplay for the movie Spartacus. A number of those blacklisted, however, were barred from work in their professions for years afterward. The Hollywood blacklist was rooted in events of the 1930s and the early 1940s, encompassing the height of the Great Depression and World War II. Two major film industry strikes during the 1930s increased tensions between the Hollywood producers and the unions, particularly the Screen Writers Guild. The American Communist Party lost substantial support after the Moscow show trials of 1936–38 and the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact of 1939. The U.S. government began turning its attention to the possible links between Hollywood and the party during this period. Under then chairman Martin Dies, Jr., the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) released a report in 1938 claiming that communism was pervasive in Hollywood. Two years later, Dies privately took testimony from a former Communist Party member, John L. Leech, who named forty-two movie industry professionals as Communists. After Leech repeated his charges in supposed confidence to a Los Angeles grand jury, many of the names were reported in the press, including those of stars Humphrey Bogart, James Cagney, Katharine Hepburn, Melvyn Douglas and Fredric March, among other well-known Hollywood figures. Dies said he would "clear" all those who cooperated by meeting with him in what he called "executive session". Within two weeks of the grand jury leak, all those on the list except for actress Jean Muir had met with the HUAC chairman. Dies "cleared" everyone except actor Lionel Stander, who was fired by the movie studio, Republic Pictures, where he was contracted.[4] In 1941, producer Walt Disney took out an ad in Variety, the industry trade magazine, declaring his conviction that "Communist agitation" was behind a cartoonists and animators' strike. According to historians Larry Ceplair and Steven Englund, "In actuality, the strike had resulted from Disney's overbearing paternalism, high-handedness, and insensitivity." Inspired by Disney, California State Senator Jack Tenney, chairman of the state legislature's Joint Fact-Finding Committee on Un-American Activities, launched an investigation of "Reds in movies". The probe fell flat, and was mocked in several Variety headlines. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hollywood_blacklist
Views: 502 VeniVidiVici!
Hollywood blacklist
 
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Views: 4 Diana Campos
The Hollywood Blacklist
 
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METV Show #2499
High Noon: The Hollywood Blacklist and the Making of an American Classic.
 
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Montana’s Gary Cooper is famous for his portrayal of a sheriff who stands alone against corruption in the movie classic High Noon. Taken at face value the film is a great western movie, but perhaps history will remember it better as a condemnation of the blacklisting which occurred during the 1950s. Pulitzer Prize winning author Glenn Frankel provides a sweeping look at Cooper’s entire career while focusing on Hollywood’s “Red Scare.” (March 29, 2017)
Glenn Frankel on High Noon: The Hollywood Blacklist and the Making of an American Classic
 
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Author Glenn Frankel speaks at the Arlington Public Library on his book, High Noon: The Hollywood Blacklist and the Making of an American Classic. The talk was recorded in Arlington Virginia on June 28 2017.
Views: 206 Arlington TV
Creating the Blacklist for Hollywood Screenplays
 
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The Blacklist is the go-to website for screenplay info in Hollywood, but the decision to create the site was the vision of Franklin Leonard. We discuss the website and the resources for screenplay writers in this short clip from The Insiders episode. Watch The Insiders full episode here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mate2Om_9_w&list=PLjk3H0GXhhGfdpMud9LKPglOOF-Xmq_gm&index=2 http://thelip.tv/ http://thelip.tv/show/the-insiders/ The Insiders Shorts Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q-JLqjwlw0Q&index=2&list=PLjk3H0GXhhGe9WCjQi0OOm8XgE6g0mlDf The Insiders Full Episode Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mate2Om_9_w&list=PLjk3H0GXhhGfdpMud9LKPglOOF-Xmq_gm&index=2 http://www.youtube.com/user/TheLipTV https://www.facebook.com/thelip.tv
Views: 2484 TheLipTV
Lasting Effects of the Hollywood Blacklist
 
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Robert Wagner talks about his relationships with some of the legends of Hollywood (like Billy Wilder) and how the reach of the blacklist against suspected communists during the 1950's had effects that spanned decades. It is just a short clip from the in-depth and uncensored interview with Wagner on Media Mayhem. Watch the full interview here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xF2RLBelHtw&index=2&list=PLC937B599FD2B8241 http://thelip.tv http://thelip.tv/show/media-mayhem/ Media Mayhem Full Episodes Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xF2RLBelHtw&index=2&list=PLC937B599FD2B8241 Media Mayhem Short Clips Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wIeslGvihCE&index=2&list=PLjk3H0GXhhGcz4un-zws5sMlCLk3NNjDP https://www.facebook.com/MediaMayhem?directed_target_id=0 https://www.facebook.com/thelip.tv http://www.youtube.com/user/TheLipTV
Views: 2772 TheLipTV
Zero Mostel on the Hollywood Blacklist
 
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From the play "Zero Hour" written and performed by Jim Brochu, famed actor Zero Mostel talks about the Hollywood Blacklist and the House Unamerican Activities Committee, and about "Loose Lips," Jerome Robbins who gave names.
Views: 24104 Steve Schalchlin
The story behind the Hollywood Blacklist - TelevisionAcademy.com/Interviews
 
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See more at http://emmytvlegends.org/interviews/topics/hollywood-blacklist-ca-1950s
8 Fascinating Facts About the Hollywood Blacklist
 
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Following the end of World War II, the fear of nuclear war with the Soviet Union caused many organizations to buckle down on what they considered to be American values. In Hollywood, it was no different. In 1944, the Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals (or “MPA” for short) was created. Any screenwriter, director, or actor who was even suspected of being involved with the Communist party was blacklisted from the industry.
Views: 38 Freedoom City
John F. McManus: Blacklisted in Hollywood - The Hollywood Ten
 
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John F. McManus challenges anyone to produce just one person who was smeared by Joseph McCarthy. He then goes on to discuss just who was blacklisted in Hollywood and why...
Views: 184 VisionLiberty
Kim Hunter on the Hollywood Blacklist - TelevisionAcademy.com/Interviews
 
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For her full interview, see https://interviews.televisionacademy.com/interviews/kim-hunter All content copyright The Television Academy Foundation Interviews. For information about licensing and attribution, contact [email protected]
The Hollywood Blacklist of the 1950's
 
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U.S. History project on the Hollywood Blacklists and McCarthyism in the United States in the 1950's
Views: 1074 Amelia Self
John Wayne On Hollywood Communists
 
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BBC Interviews John Wayne on 'Blacklisting' in 1974. The Duke pushes back with some words that still resonate 40 years later.
Views: 9341 John G
Delbert Mann on the Hollywood blacklist
 
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For his full interview, see http://www.emmytvlegends.org/interviews/people/delbert-mann
Hollywood Blacklist
 
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The Hollywood blacklist—as the broader entertainment industry blacklist is generally known—was the mid-twentieth-century list of screenwriters, actors, directors, musicians, and other U.S. entertainment professionals who were denied employment in the field because of their political beliefs or associations, real or suspected. Artists were barred from work on the basis of their alleged membership in or sympathy toward the American Communist Party, involvement in liberal or humanitarian political causes that enforcers of the blacklist associated with communism, and/or refusal to assist investigations into Communist Party activities; some were blacklisted merely because their names came up at the wrong place and time.
Views: 1042 arpa keun
Glen Frankel, "High Noon: The Hollywood Blacklist And The Making Of American Classic
 
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http://www.politics-prose.com/book/9781620409480 's one of the most revered movies of Hollywood's golden era. Starring screen legend Gary Cooper and Grace Kelly in her first significant film role, High Noon was shot on a lean budget over just thirty-two days but achieved instant box-office and critical success. It won four Academy Awards in 1953, including a best actor win for Cooper. And it became a cultural touchstone, often cited by politicians as a favorite film, celebrating moral fortitude. Yet what has been often overlooked is that High Noon was made during the height of the Hollywood blacklist, a time of political inquisition and personal betrayal. In the middle of the film shoot, screenwriter Carl Foreman was forced to testify before the House Committee on Un-American Activities about his former membership in the Communist Party. Refusing to name names, he was eventually blacklisted and fled the United States. (His co-authored screenplay for another classic, The Bridge on the River Kwai, went uncredited in 1957.) Examined in light of Foreman's testimony, High Noon's emphasis on courage and loyalty takes on deeper meaning and importance. In this book, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Glenn Frankel tells the story of the making of a great American Western, exploring how Carl Foreman's concept of High Noon evolved from idea to first draft to final script, taking on allegorical weight. Both the classic film and its turbulent political times emerge newly illuminated. Founded by Carla Cohen and Barbara Meade in 1984, Politics and Prose Bookstore is Washington, D.C.'s premier independent bookstore and cultural hub, a gathering place for people interested in reading and discussing books. Politics and Prose offers superior service, unusual book choices, and a haven for book lovers in the store and online. Visit them on the web at http://www.politics-prose.com/ Produced by Michael A. Kowaleski
Views: 1330 Politics and Prose
Hollywood Blacklist 70th Anniversary Preview
 
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Full Program Airs Saturday, November 18, 2017 at 12pm ET. For More Information: www.c-span.org/series/?ahtv
Views: 630 C-SPAN
Sidney Sheldon on the Hollywood Blacklist - TelevisionAcademy.com/Interviews
 
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For his full interview, see http://www.emmytvlegends.org/interviews/people/sidney-sheldon
Jack Lemmon on working with Charlie Irving, and on the Hollywood Blacklist
 
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https://interviews.televisionacademy.com/interviews/jack-lemmon All content copyright The Television Academy Foundation Interviews. For information about licensing and attribution, contact [email protected]
TRUMBO: Bryan Cranston Talks Hollywood Blacklisting
 
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Subscribe ► http://ow.ly/LC9yE Twitter ► https://twitter.com/backstageol Facebook ►https://www.facebook.com/BackstageOL Dave Morales sits down with Bryan Cranston to talk about filming TRUMBO and whether Hollywood blacklisting still exists. Synopsis: In 1947, Dalton Trumbo (Bryan Cranston) was Hollywood’s top screenwriter until he and other artists were jailed and blacklisted for their political beliefs. TRUMBO (directed by Jay Roach) recounts how Dalton used words and wit to win two Academy Awards and expose the absurdity and injustice under the blacklist, which entangled everyone from gossip columnist Hedda Hopper (Helen Mirren) to John Wayne, Kirk Douglas and Otto Preminger. The film also stars Diane Lane, John Goodman, Louis C.K., Elle Fanning, and Michael Stuhlbarg.
Views: 676 BackstageOL
ANDREW KLAVAN: How Hollywood Blacklists Conservatives
 
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Celebrated writer and mystery novelist Andrew Klavan explains how Hollywood gets away with "blacklisting" conservative voices in the industry.
Views: 13302 The Daily Wire
The Hollywood Blacklist: 1947-1960
 
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The Hollywood blacklist began in 1947 when the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) began to subpoena artists, producers and screenwriters to investigate communist sympathies in Hollywood. Over the next thirteen years, it came to include Charlie Chaplin, Leonard Bernstein, Dashiell Hammett, Arthur Miller, Paul Robeson, Dorothy Parker, Pete Seeger and Orson Welles. Ten artists, known as the "Hollywood Ten," originally refused to cooperate with HUAC and were cited for contempt of congress. They were fired and blacklisted by the Motion Picture Association of America the next day in a public announcement. All ten served up to a year in prison, were fined $1,000 and faced great difficulty working in Hollywood again. In 1950, a pamphlet called "Red Channels" accused 151 actors, writers, directors, musicians and performers of having pre-war connections to left-wing or communist organizations. Those listed were blacklisted from working until they renounced their affiliations and testified to the HUAC. As individuals cooperated and "named names," the list grew. Altogether some 320 people in the entertainment industry were blacklisted for suspected involvement in "subversive" activities. "Friendly witnesses" included Gary Cooper, Ronald Reagan and Walt Disney, who claimed the League of Women Voters was a Communist front. HUAC critics, on the other hand, formed the Committee for the First Amendment in support of the Hollywood Ten. It included Humphrey Bogart, Lauren Bacall, Henry Fonda, Gene Kelly, Judy Garland and Frank Sinatra. The group flew to Washington D.C. in October 1947 to protest HUAC hearings. In 1952, the famous director Elia Kazan named eight former friends from the Group Theater in New York as communist party members (his 1954 film "On the Waterfront" is often viewed as a defense of informers). This ended his long friendship with Arthur Miller and inspired Miller's play "The Crucible" (1953) about the Salem witch hunt of 1692. In 1957, Miller was convicted of contempt of congress for refusing to name names. The blacklist was effectively broken in 1960 when Dalton Trumbo, an unrepentant member of the Hollywood Ten, was publicly acknowledged as the screenwriter of the films "Spartacus" and "Exodus."
Views: 220 Pauk mongolia
What is HOLLYWOOD BLACKLIST? What does HOLLYWOOD BLACKLIST mean? HOLLYWOOD BLACKLIST meaning
 
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What is HOLLYWOOD BLACKLIST? What does HOLLYWOOD BLACKLIST mean? HOLLYWOOD BLACKLIST meaning - HOLLYWOOD BLACKLIST definition - HOLLYWOOD BLACKLIST explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. The Hollywood blacklist—as the broader entertainment industry blacklist is generally known—was the practice of denying employment to screenwriters, actors, directors, musicians, and other American entertainment professionals during the mid-20th century because they were accused of having Communist ties or sympathies. Artists were barred from work on the basis of their alleged membership in or sympathy with the Communist Party USA or refusal to assist investigations into the party's activities. Even during the period of its strictest enforcement, the late 1940s through the late 1950s, the blacklist was rarely made explicit or verifiable, but it directly damaged the careers of scores of individuals working in the film industry. The first systematic Hollywood blacklist was instituted on November 25, 1947, the day after ten writers and directors were cited for contempt of Congress for refusing to testify to the House Un-American Activities Committee. A group of studio executives, acting under the aegis of the Motion Picture Association of America, fired the artists—the so-called Hollywood Ten—and made what has become known as the Waldorf Statement. On June 22, 1950, a pamphlet entitled Red Channels was published. Focused on the field of broadcasting, it identified 151 entertainment industry professionals in the context of "Red Fascists and their sympathizers." Soon, most of those named, along with a host of other artists, were barred from employment in most of the entertainment field. The blacklist lasted until 1960, when Dalton Trumbo, a Communist Party member from 1943 to 1948 and member of the Hollywood Ten, was credited as the screenwriter of the highly successful film Exodus, and later publicly acknowledged by actor Kirk Douglas for writing the screenplay for the movie Spartacus. A number of those blacklisted, however, were still barred from work in their professions for years afterward. The Hollywood blacklist was rooted in events of the 1930s and the early 1940s, encompassing the height of the Great Depression and World War II. Two major film industry strikes during the 1930s increased tensions between the Hollywood producers and the unions, particularly the Screen Writers Guild. The American Communist Party lost substantial support after the Moscow show trials of 1936–38 and the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact of 1939. The U.S. government began turning its attention to the possible links between Hollywood and the party during this period. Under then chairman Martin Dies, Jr., the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) released a report in 1938 claiming that communism was pervasive in Hollywood. Two years later, Dies privately took testimony from a former Communist Party member, John L. Leech, who named forty-two movie industry professionals as Communists. After Leech repeated his charges in supposed confidence to a Los Angeles grand jury, many of the names were reported in the press, including those of stars Humphrey Bogart, James Cagney, Katharine Hepburn, Melvyn Douglas and Fredric March, among other well-known Hollywood figures. Dies said he would "clear" all those who cooperated by meeting with him in what he called "executive session". Within two weeks of the grand jury leak, all those on the list except for actress Jean Muir had met with the HUAC chairman. Dies "cleared" everyone except actor Lionel Stander, who was fired by the movie studio, Republic Pictures, where he was contracted.
Views: 524 The Audiopedia
Lee Grant on the Hollywood Blacklist - TelevisionAcademy.com/Interviews
 
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For her full interview, see http://www.emmytvlegends.org/interviews/people/lee-grant
The Hollywood 10
 
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Trailer for The Hollywood 10, a movie about blacklisted filmmakers during the Hollywood Blacklist in the 1940s. Available on the Salt of The Earth DVD from www.organa.com
Views: 27043 organajj
Edie Adams on the Hollywood Blacklist - TelevisionAcademy.com/Interviews
 
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For her full interview, see https://interviews.televisionacademy.com/interviews/edie-adams All content copyright The Television Academy Foundation Interviews. For information about licensing and attribution, contact [email protected]
Lee Grant on Valley of the Dolls, Being on the Hollywood Blacklist, and More
 
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Subscribe for more videos like this: http://youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=92Yplus Academy Award-winning actress Lee Grant, joins Patricia Bosworth onstage to talk about her starring roles in Shampoo and Valley of the Dolls, her twelve years on the Hollywood blacklist, and her singularly unpredictable life. Follow us on Facebook: http://facebook.com/92ndStreetY Twitter: https://twitter.com/92Y Tumblr: http://92y.tumblr.com/
Views: 12311 92Y Plus

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