Search results “Main principles of magna carta”
What is Magna Carta?
Why is this old piece of parchment considered to be such a powerful symbol of our rights and freedoms? Narrated by Monty Python’s Terry Jones, this animation takes you back to medieval times, when England under the reign of Bad King John. It asks why Magna Carta was originally created and what it meant to those living in the 13th century. Find out more about Magna Carta at the British Library’s website – http://www.bl.uk/magna-carta
Views: 566960 The British Library
Magna Carta: Myth and Meaning
Want to join the debate? Check out the Intelligence Squared website to hear about future live events and podcasts: http://www.intelligencesquared.com __________________________ June 2015 will see the 800th anniversary of Magna Carta, the ‘Great Charter’ which was signed at Runnymede by King John to resolve a political crisis he faced with his barons. Buried within its 69 clauses is one of immeasurable importance. This is the idea that no one should be deprived of their freedom without just cause, and that people are entitled to fair trial by their peers according to the law of the land. At the time Magna Carta did nothing to improve the lot of the vast majority of English people, and all but three of its provisions have been repealed. Yet Magna Carta has come to be seen as the cornerstone of English liberty and an international rallying cry against the arbitrary use of power. It was invoked by opponents of Charles I’s overbearing rule in the 17th century and embodied in the 1791 Bill of Rights in America, where it is still held to have special constitutional status. Where does Magna Carta stand today? In a time of secret courts in Britain and the Guantanamo gulag, the threat to rights from terror laws and state surveillance of our online activities, do we need to reaffirm its basic principles? Should we take things even further, as Tim Berners-Lee has suggested, and create a new Magna Carta for the worldwide web to protect our liberty online?
Views: 91173 iqsquared
The Story of Magna Carta
Why did King John seal Magna Carta at Runnymede in June 1215? And what happened next? This animated film tells the history of Magna Carta and explains how it has become a global symbol for Human Rights. Created by the Guy Fox Team as part of the 'Happy Anniversary, Magna Carta!' project, which was funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund and supported by an army of volunteers.
Views: 456695 GuyFoxTV
Magna Carta - 1215
From the British Library(link below) Magna Carta, meaning ‘The Great Charter’, is one of the most famous documents in the world. Originally issued by King John of England (r.1199-1216) as a practical solution to the political crisis he faced in 1215, Magna Carta established for the first time the principle that everybody, including the king, was subject to the law. Although nearly a third of the text was deleted or substantially rewritten within ten years, and almost all the clauses have been repealed in modern times, Magna Carta remains a cornerstone of the British constitution. Most of the 63 clauses granted by King John dealt with specific grievances relating to his rule. However, buried within them were a number of fundamental values that both challenged the autocracy of the king and proved highly adaptable in future centuries. Most famously, the 39th clause gave all ‘free men’ the right to justice and a fair trial. Some of Magna Carta’s core principles are echoed in the United States Bill of Rights (1791) and in many other constitutional documents around the world, as well as in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and the European Convention on Human Rights (1950). - See more at: http://www.bl.uk/magna-carta/articles/magna-carta-an-introduction#sthash.rTG3cmMY.dpuf more information http://www.bl.uk/magna-carta/articles/magna-carta-an-introduction
Views: 940 John Adams
Magna Carta and the Constitution – History
www.annenbergclassroom.org – This video tells the story of the origins of the Magna Carta and explores the two most important principles that it symbolizes: rule of law and due process. Students will learn how the framers interpreted and redefined the rule of law and due process when they created our Constitution.
Magna Carta and the rule of law
Magna Carta, meaning ‘The Great Charter’, is one of the most famous documents in the world. Originally issued in 1215 by King John of England as a practical solution to a political crisis, Magna Carta established for the first time the principle that everybody, including the king, was subject to the law. Although almost all the clauses have been repealed in modern times, Magna Carta remains a cornerstone of the British constitution. In this video, former High Court judges Lord Scott of Foscote and Sir Henry Brooke, and human rights lawyer Mandira Sharma talk about the significance of the 800th anniversary of Magna Carta for the rule of law, democracy and human rights around the world. You can find out more about Magna Carta and the 800th anniversary on 15 June 2015 at www.magnacarta800th.com La Magna Carta, qui signifie la “Grande Charte”, est l’un des documents les plus célèbres au monde. Signée en 1215 par le Roi Jean d’Angleterre afin de mettre fin à une crise politique, la Magna Carta établit pour la première fois le principe selon lequel chacun (y compris le Roi) était assujetti au droit. Bien que la plupart de ses clauses aient été abrogées depuis, la Magna Carta reste l’un de fondements de la Constitution britannique. Dans cette vidéo, les anciens juges du High Court Lord Scott of Foscote et Sir Henry Brooke, ainsi que l’avocate spécialisée en droits de l’homme Mandira Sharma, évoquent la signification du 800è anniversaire de la Magna Carta pour l’Etat de droit, la démocratie et les droits de l’homme à travers le monde. En savoir plus sur le 800è anniversaire de la Magna Carta le 15 juin 2015 sur : www.magnacarta800th.com
Foundations of Democracy, the Magna Carta, Mayflower, Paine's Common Sense Civics
PowerPoint available at: https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Store/Mr-Raymond-Civics-Eoc-Academy This video teaches students the importance of the Magna Carta, the Mayflower Compact, the English Bill of Rights and Thomas Paine's Common Sense in influencing the Founding Fathers in creating the US Government. The Magna Carta first demonstrated to Europeans and later Americans that power was not unlimited and the rule of law could be applied to those in power. The Mayflower Compact established the tradition of self-rule in the Colonies and established the first social contract on US soil. The English Bill of Rights provided an inspiration not just for the U.S. Bill of Rights but that protecting rights was a job for the government. Thomas Paine's Common Sense was an inspiration for the Declaration of Independence and greatly led to calls for Americans to establish a government based on republican principles. All of these documents again inspired the founding fathers when creating the U.S. government and a Constitution that would embody these principles. Like most of the videos on Mr. Raymond’s Civics EOC Academy this video ends with a review “quiz.” Remember that the PowerPoint in this video as well as a variety of lesson plans and activities are available at Teachers Pay Teachers. Mr. Raymond’s Civics E.O.C. Academy was designed for students taking the Florida Civics End-of-Course (EOC) Exam. However, as many states are implementing Civics Exams, these videos will work for all students of Civics, US Government, and US History. Currently students have to pass a civics state exam in order to graduate in Idaho, Wisconsin, North Carolina, Arizona, North Dakota, Louisiana, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Utah. These videos look at all of the civics benchmarks that will be tested on most state civics exams. The Magna Carta is considered the first constitutional document that produced the principle of "limited government" and the beginning of the end of "absolutism." This concept especially resonated with the Enlightenment ideals of the founding fathers in the quest for inspiration in creating the federal government of the United States. The Mayflower Compact established the tradition of self-government from the earliest settlement of the United States. This document also started a tradition of the "social compact" or social-contract that still exists in the United States. It also confirms the establishment of popular sovereignty in America. The English Bill of Rights was of course an influence to the Founding Fathers as they created the US Bill of Rights. Many of the rights and protections of central power listed in the English Bill of Rights following the Glorious Revolution of England in 1689 found the way into the US Bill of Rights including protections from "cruel and unusual punishment," the right to a jury, "free speech," and others. Thomas Paine's Common Sense was one of America's first best-sellers and a huge inspiration to Patriots demands of declaring independence from Great Britain. Widely read in 1776 in colonial America this pamphlet went a long way to convincing reluctant future Americans that the time was right for The Declaration of Independence. Mr. Raymond’s Civics E.O.C. Academy was designed for students taking the Florida Civics End-of-Course (EOC) Exam. However, as many states are implementing Civics Exams, these videos will work for all students of Civics, US Government, and US History. Currently students have to pass a civics state exam in order to graduate in Idaho, Wisconsin, North Carolina, Arizona, North Dakota, Louisiana, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Utah. These videos look at all of the civics benchmarks that will be tested on most state civics exams. As a civics teacher I have often looked for civics YouTube video clips to show my students. I hope these videos will serve as a supplement to lessons for civics teachers, US history teachers, US government teachers and their students. While they might be a little basic for AP Government students, they could serve as a refresher of basic concepts and content. I have also thought that these videos could help those who are going to take the naturalization test to become US Citizens. I have also been reached by parents whose children are taking Florida Virtual School’s (FLVS) Civics class. ***For noncommercial, educational, and archival purposes under Law of Fair Use as provided in section 107 of the US copyright law. No copyrights infringements intended***
God and the Rule of Law – the Magna Carta
Here is a scriptural look at our Rule of Law as envisaged under the Magna Carta and the godly principles that were adopted and are attested to each time we have a coronation – The Royal Law. Do you know what this stands for and what it really means and how it all comes from Christian roots and establishes that the State no matter what form it takes ought to acknowledge that it is under God's Law and is not a law unto itself.
Views: 95 crosslifejoin
The story of magna carta
Hello guys! I made for you new video. This video is about history. Exactly about Magna carta libertatum. Richard, the Lionheart Richard, the Lionheart, King of England had spent much of his reign outside England fighting wars in the Middle East and France. To pay for these he had taxed the English heavily. In 1199, Richard died and his brother, John became king. John continued to fight wars in France but he kept losing battles. He needed more money so his government in England ruthlessly demanded more taxes from the nobility who were expected to pay tax if the King asked. The Barons became very unhappy about John exploiting their loyalty and belief in his complete power. They rebelled and took over London and forced John to negotiate. Magna Carta On the 19 June 1215 at Runnymede King John signed the Magna Carta. (This means Great Charter.) It was the first formal document stating that a King had to follow the laws of the land and it guaranteed the rights of individuals against the wishes of the King. This meant people couldn't be arrested, imprisoned of have their possessions taken away except by the judgement of his equals and/or the law of the land. This laid the way for trial by jury which means people are tried by their peers and guaranteed the civil rights of the individual. The Magna Carta established the principle that the people of England, at this stage represented by the Barons, could limit the power of a King, if he was doing things that were not good for the country Follow me on: Facebook:https://www.facebook.com/Mamadreams-1934232769942619/ Twitter:https://twitter.com/Mamadreams_YT Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/tere_zka_/
Views: 67 MamaGossip
Why is Magna Carta relevant today
Chevening law students explain why Magna Carta remains relevant, 800 years after it was first written. From its origins in a power struggle between King John of England and his barons, to its role in the formation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the principles represented by Magna Carta remain a cornerstone of democracy and the rule of law around the world. To celebrate the 800th anniversary of Magna Carta, an original 1217 edition from Hereford Cathedral is travelling to seven countries in four months: http://ow.ly/V6LdX
Magna Carta and Its 800-Year Legacy (OCON 2015)
Eight hundred years ago, England's nobles allied against the rapacious King John to restrain his excessive taxation and irresponsible attempts at foreign conquest. The alliance prepared a list of rules that John had to follow to regain their allegiance and maintain his throne. The "Great Charter" was the first significant step in a centuries-long odyssey toward the ideal of limited government. This talk discusses Magna Carta's catalytic role in the history of constitutions and liberty. The speaker is Andrew Lewis, who is principal of VanDamme Academy in Aliso Viejo, California, teaches a three-year history curriculum covering ancient, European and American history. REGISTER FOR AN OBJECTIVIST SUMMER CONFERENCE http://www.objectivistconferences.com/ SUBSCRIBE! https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=AynRandInstitute ABOUT THE AYN RAND INSTITUTE CHANNEL ARI offers educational experiences, based on Ayn Rand's books and ideas, to a variety of audiences, including students, educators, policymakers and lifelong learners. ARI also engages in research and advocacy efforts, applying Rand's ideas to current issues and seeking to promote her philosophical principles of reason, rational self-interest and laissez-faire capitalism. We invite you to explore how Ayn Rand viewed the world — and to consider the distinctive insights offered by ARI's experts today. EXPLORE ARI http://www.AynRand.org FOLLOW ARI ON TWITTER https://twitter.com/AynRandInst LIKE ARI ON FACEBOOK https://www.facebook.com/AynRandInstitute IMAGE CREDITS 0:17 Public domain http://www.bl.uk/britishlibrary/~/media/bl/global/magna%20carta/collection%20items/magna-carta-1215-cotton-augustus.jpg?w=608&h=342 33:30 Public domain Courtesy of David M. Rubenstein https://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/magna_carta/images/after-restoration-l.jpg 37:30 Public domain https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Massachusetts_state_seal_1775_1780_MassachusettsArchives.png
Views: 1690 Ayn Rand Institute
Magna Carta and the Constitution
www.annenbergclassroom.org – This video tells the story of the origins of the Magna Carta and explores the two most important principles that it symbolizes: rule of law and due process. Students will learn how the framers interpreted and redefined the rule of law and due process when they created our Constitution. And they will understand how those rights have been expanded and protected by the U.S. Supreme Court through two landmark Supreme Court cases: U.S. v. Nixon and Powell v. Alabama.
Rule of Law-Magna Carta
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Views: 595 Caroline Forbes
Magna Carta and Modern Controversies from Multiculturalism to Political Correctness (David Starkey)
The Magna Carta was a milestone that circumscribed the power of the sovereign for the first time in human history. In his new book, distinguished British historian and television personality David Starkey looks at the origins of the Great Charter in the 13th century, its significant early revisions, and the ways in which it has been interpreted and reinterpreted by subsequent generations. Starkey explains how core principles of this quintessentially English document migrated to the North American colonies and eventually became the cornerstone of the U.S. Constitution. He also explores how the Magna Carta indirectly led to the enshrinement of human rights in such documents as the Bill of Rights.
Views: 7778 The Cato Institute
Engaging exhibits reveal Salisbury's Magna Carta Story
2015 marks 800 years since the creation of Magna Carta which asserted fundamental principles of liberty that continue to shape our world today. Salisbury Cathedral is home to the best preserved of only four surviving original 1215 Magna Carta and in this anniversary year is proud to unveil a fresh retelling of the story of this ‘great charter’. This new exhibit will take visitors on a journey of liberty and justice woven throughout the Cathedral, medieval cloisters and stunning 13th century Chapter House. For more information visit: www.salisburycathedral.org.uk/magna-carta-visiting-magna-carta/engaging-exhibits-reveal-salisbury-magna-carta-story
Views: 1493 Salisbury Cathedral
Historical Development of Human Rights from Ancient Roots to Magna Carta
Subject:Human Rights and Duties Paper: Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights; Duties and Responsibilities
Views: 1480 Vidya-mitra
Magna Carta - signed by King John of England - FULL Audio Book - History - Medieval England
Magna Carta - King John of England - FULL Audio Book Recording - History Magna Carta, also called Magna Carta Libertatum or The Great Charter of the Liberties of England, is an Angevin charter, originally issued in Latin in the year 1215, translated into vernacular-French as early as 1219, and reissued later in the 13th century in modified versions. Magna Carta is Latin for Great Charter. The later versions excluded the most direct challenges to the monarch's authority that had been present in the 1215 charter. The charter first passed into law in 1225; the 1297 version, with the long title (originally in Latin) "The Great Charter of the Liberties of England, and of the Liberties of the Forest," still remains on the statute books of England and Wales. The 1215 charter required King John of England to proclaim certain liberties and accept that his will was not arbitrary—for example by explicitly accepting that no "freeman" (in the sense of non-serf) could be punished except through the law of the land, a right that still exists. Magna Carta was the first document forced onto a King of England by a group of his subjects, the feudal barons, in an attempt to limit his powers by law and protect their privileges. It was preceded and directly influenced by the Charter of Liberties in 1100, in which King Henry I had specified particular areas wherein his powers would be limited. Despite its recognised importance, by the second half of the 19th century nearly all of its clauses had been repealed in their original form. Three clauses currently remain part of the law of England and Wales, however, and it is generally considered part of the uncodified constitution. Lord Denning described it as "the greatest constitutional document of all times -- the foundation of the freedom of the individual against the arbitrary authority of the despot". In a 2005 speech, Lord Woolf described it as "first of a series of instruments that now are recognised as having a special constitutional status", the others being the Habeas Corpus Act (1679), the Petition of Right (1628), the Bill of Rights (1689), and the Act of Settlement (1701). The charter was an important part of the extensive historical process that led to the rule of constitutional law in the English speaking world. Magna Carta was important in the colonization of American colonies as England's legal system was used as a model for many of the colonies as they were developing their own legal systems. It was Magna Carta, over other early concessions by the monarch, which survived to become a "sacred text". In practice, Magna Carta in the medieval period did not generally limit the power of kings, but by the time of the English Civil War it had become an important symbol for those who wished to show that the King was bound by the law. It influenced the early settlers in New England and inspired later constitutional documents, including the United States Constitution. (Summary from Wikipedia)
Views: 19363 Greatest AudioBooks
The Magna Carta's Influence, 800 Years Later
This Monday marks the 800th anniversary of the creation of the Magna Carta, a foundational document in western civilization. Follow Leah Becerra: http://www.twitter.com/LeahBecerra See more at http://www.newsy.com Transcript: This is the Magna Carta, one of the most influential documents in western civilization and often cited as the foundation for our understanding of civil liberties. And June 15, this document turns 800 years old. "What started out as a document of specific complaints from a group of barons has turned into an international symbol of liberty, without which we might not have the rights we value so much today," said Monty Python's Terry Jones for The British Library. The name Magna Carta means Great Charter in Latin. At first, that was just a reference to its length, but over the past eight centuries, it has also come to stand for the significance of the document. There are only four copies of the original document left — and all four of them were brought together earlier this year to mark the 800th anniversary of the charter's sealing. And the document's actual text has been more or less phased out of English law. There's only three provisions from the Magna Carta still on the books: the freedom of the Church of England, the rights of London and — most significantly — the right to be judged according to the "law of the land," not the caprice of a monarch. Much of the Magna Carta deals with archaic concerns, like fishing traps on the River Thames. But when the tyrannical King John of England reluctantly signed it in 1215, it created the basis for limiting royal authority under common law. (Video via BBC) That was a powerful concept at the time. As Dan Hannan, a British member of European Parliament, wrote in The Wall Street Journal, "Above the king brooded something more powerful yet—something you couldn’t see or hear or touch or taste but that bound the sovereign as surely as it bound the poorest wretch in the kingdom." The ideals laid out in 1215 can be found in documents from the U.S.' Declaration of Independence and Constitution to the United Nations' International Declaration of Human Rights. The document's principles stretched across the world along with the British empire and persisted in colonized countries long after they declared independence. Figures like Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela referenced the Magna Carta while championing their causes. Today, its influence might be more popularly known thanks to Jay Z. But for anyone who believes our leaders aren't above the law of the land, you've got the Magna Carta to thank for that. This video includes images from Getty Images, the U.S. National Archives, and the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum. Sources: Getty Images http://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/the-magna-carta-in-salisbury-cathedrals-cloisters-and-news-photo/464611132 Getty Images http://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/copy-of-the-magna-carta-is-displayed-during-a-reception-to-news-photo/464274866 The British Library https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7xo4tUMdAMw The British Library https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Z5UeCRFwu4 U.K. Parliament https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VNqcWdL1BFo BBC http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-33116579 The Wall Street Journal http://www.wsj.com/articles/magna-carta-eight-centuries-of-liberty-1432912022?KEYWORDS=magna+carta National Archives https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Constitution_of_the_United_States,_page_1.jpg National Archives https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:United_States_Declaration_of_Independence.jpg Library of Congress http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eleanor_Roosevelt_and_Human_Rights_Declaration.jpg The British Library https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RQ7vUkbtlQA Vimeo https://vimeo.com/73466621 Image via: Getty Images / Matt Cardy http://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/the-magna-carta-in-salisbury-cathedrals-cloisters-and-news-photo/464611132
Views: 3952 Newsy World
The Magna Carta & Our Constitution - John Bingley - MRG
The Constitution of the UK consists of several documents. John Bingley explains and shows them. Recorded December 7 2008 at the Marlboro Research Group. Gordon Brown has signed, without referendum, the Lisbon Treaty which is the new Constituion forced upon the UK by the EU. (Disclaimer: Views and opinions presented here are for informational and educational purposes only and may not necessarily be those of the makers of this video.) Tags: rcoones, European union, conspiracy, communism, eurosceptic, Gordon Brown, tony blair, regions, undemocratic, democracy, totalitarian, eu, uk, eussr, undemocratic, magna Carta, Brussels, constitution, police state, great Britain, secret societies, society, bilderberger, illuminati, England, corpus juris, jurus, fascism, european commission, tavistock institute, labor, new, fabian society, agenda 21, royal institute of international affairs, riia, royal society, bilderbergers, g-8, world bank, wto, bank of england, london exchange, london school of economics, british labor, 3rd way, nato, common purpose, sustainable development, united nations, international court of justice, peace palace, legal rebellion, lisbon treaty, EU consitution, Bill of Rights, statute law, commonwealth, common law, trial by jury, rcoones
Magna Carta -  God's Law Comes First
Freedom, choice, democracy, the rule of law....all of these originated in the Bible. History matters to God. Jesus said so. Remember? In this fascinating interview Maranatha's Philip Quenby charts the astonishing continuum of British history, from the Bible right through to the present day
Views: 382 Maranatha Community
Magna Carta & the American Constitution
For the Library's annual Constitution Day lecture, Akhil Reed Amar discussed Magna Carta and its historical connection to the U.S. Constitution. Speaker Biography: Akhil Reed Amar is the Sterling Professor of Law and Political Science at Yale University, where he teaches constitutional law at both Yale College and Yale Law School. He received a bachelor's degree, summa cum laude, in 1980 from Yale College and a J.D. in 1984 from Yale Law School, where he served as an editor of The Yale Law Journal. After clerking for Judge Stephen Breyer, U.S. Court of Appeal, 1st Circuit, Amar joined the Yale faculty in 1985. He is also is the co-editor of a leading constitutional law casebook, "Process of Constitutional Decision-Making." Amar also is the author of "The Constitution and Criminal Procedure: First Principles" (1997) and "The Bill of Rights: Creation and Reconstruction" (1998). For transcript, captions, and more information, visit http://www.loc.gov/today/cyberlc/feature_wdesc.php?rec=6656
Views: 7003 LibraryOfCongress
Women and Magna Carta | Dr. Carolyn Harris | TEDxTheAnnexWomen
Magna Carta guaranteed noble widows freedom from forced remarriage. 800 years later, there are still women around the world who do not enjoy freedom of choice regarding marriage. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that a woman's right to choose a spouse and enter freely into marriage is central to her life and dignity, and equality as a human being. This right has been continually reaffirmed by the United Nations since the Declaration was adopted, demonstrating that centuries after Magna Carta, forced marriage remains a human rights issue in many parts of the world. In 2013, the first United Nations Human Rights Council adopted a resolution against forced marriage, affirming the same principle expressed in Magna Carta centuries before. Dr. Carolyn Harris teaches history at the University of Toronto School of Continuing Studies. She received her PhD in European history from Queen's University in 2012. Her writing has appeared in numerous publications including the Globe and Mail, Ottawa Citizen, Smithsonian Magazine, and the BBC News Magazine, and she is a frequent guest on television and radio. She lives in Toronto. Her first book, Magna Carta and Its Gifts to Canada, was published by Dundurn Press in 2015. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at http://ted.com/tedx
Views: 585 TEDx Talks
The Global Law Summit and the legacy of the Magna Carta
The Global Law Summit in London brings together a mix of practitioners, business leaders, public sector decision makers and government officials from around the world to discuss, debate, and develop relationships across markets and jurisdictions. It also marks 800 years since the sealing of Magna Carta. In this video, British Ambassador to France Sir Peter Ricketts details the principles of Magna Carta, which are still relevant today and discusses the close judicial cooperation between the UK and France. The Global Law Summit: http://globallawsummit.com/ The Magna Carta 800th website: http://magnacarta800th.com/
Thoth & Hermes Through to the Magna Carta & US Constitution- Weights Measures
Thoth, Hermes, civilization and the law. Ancient symbolism, law and gods related to weights and measures and although the gods may have gone the importance of their purpose remains as valid to us now as it did in the ancient past. EpiphanIus - Treaty on Weights and Measures https://oi.uchicago.edu/sites/oi.uchicago.edu/files/uploads/shared/docs/saoc11.pdf
Magna carta in 30 seconds
British Embassies and High Commissions around the world will hold events to mark the 800th anniversary of Magna Carta on 15 June 2015. Magna Carta was a peace treaty sealed in 1215 between King John and his barons, who were in rebellion against his rule. The treaty established for the first time the principle that everybody, including the king, was subject to the law. Magna Carta was the first step on the journey towards parliamentary democracy and respect for individual rights, and has inspired people around the world to oppose the abuse of power. You can find out more about Magna Carta and the anniversary celebrations on the Magna Carta 800th website: http://magnacarta800th.com/
magna carta clip 1
Description The UWI Faculty of Social Sciences was among agencies taking part in a region wide series of lectures on the Magna Carta today. The other agencies included the Constitutional Affairs and Parliamentary Studies Unit, together with the UWI Open Campus. The Magna Carta lecture was delivered by Ambassador June Soomer. It was one of several lectures being staged around the region to raise awareness of the document and to encourage discussion on its continued relevance and as part of its 800th anniversary observances. [ DR. HAMID GHANY ] Originally issued by King John of England as a practical solution to the political crisis he faced in 1215, the Magna Carta established for the first time the principle that everybody, including the king, was subject to the law. Today’s lecture examined the enduring principles of the document. [ JUNE SOOMER ] The 800th anniversary of Magna Carta is an occasion to deepen people’s understanding of the crucial role it has played in the development of human rights, democracy and liberty.
Magna Carta beyond the Commonwealth: Migration and refugees
Migration presents major global challenges. How should the principles of Magna Carta inform our understanding and practice? This is part of the University of Auckland’s week long public lecture series for the 800th anniversary of Magna Carta. Grant Bayldon has been head of Amnesty International Aotearoa NZ since 2012. “Many people ask me if I find working for Amnesty International distressing, seeing day after day just how appallingly some governments and people treat their fellow humans. Of course the answer is yes – but it’s also the most inspiring work I’ve ever done. Because every day I also see the incredible courage that people are capable of in the face of terrible abuses.” Mr Bayldon has previously worked for Oxfam New Zealand as Marketing Director, then Operations Director & Deputy Executive Director and is the former CEO of trans-Tasman law firm Duncan Cotterill. Grant regularly appears on TV, radio and in print to bring a human rights perspective to major issues. Michael White is a senior legal and policy analyst at the Human Rights Commission in Wellington. He is involved in intervening in cases before the higher courts, advising on government legislation and more generally New Zealand's obligations at international law. He has practiced in a private law firm, as a government lawyer and as an advisor to the United Nations High Commission for Refugees. Michael has a particular interest in public and constitutional law: including compliance with the Human Rights Act 199 and the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990; and the practical interplay between domestic law and international obligations. Andrew Lockhart, National Manager, Refugee and Protection Unit, Immigration NZ. Chaired by Dr Anita Lacey, Politics and International Relations, University of Auckland.
Views: 100 Faculty of Arts
Magna Carta turns 800 and America has reason to celebrate
JJune 15th 2015 is the 800th anniversary of the signing of the Magna Carta, the landmark British document that established the principle even the king is subject to the law. Jen Markham (@jenmarkham) explains why Americans have reason to celebrate too. Subscribe to our channel: http://www.youtube.com/buzz60 Buzz60 is designed for the way we live now. Short, quirky video snacks that are a little sassy, and always smart. Buzz 60 -- and the Buzz60 channel on YouTube - produces all kinds of news video clips for web viewers who want more than just repurposed content. Our team is a diverse group of video journalists with dozens of Emmy awards, an authentic sense of humor, and a mandate to connect with viewers every day. Like us Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/buzz60 Follow us on Twitter: http://twitter.com/Buzz60 Add us to your Circle on Google+: http://bit.ly/12nIt6n
Views: 614 b/60
The 800th Anniversary of Magna Carta: Its Enduring Legacy – 1215-2015
Magna Carta – the Great Charter – is one of the foundational documents in Anglo-American legal history. Ironically, it began, not as a statement of principle, like our Declaration of Independence, but as a peace treaty. Signed on June 15, 1215, in a field at Runnymede, England, Magna Carta sought to end the barons’ rebellion against King John by forcing the crown to adhere to the laws and customs of the realm. Magna Carta was initially thought to be a failure because King John repudiated the treaty almost before the ink was dry. But time has been good to the Great Charter. In fact, it is difficult to overstate the importance of Magna Carta in the development of Anglo-American law. English law treats it as “the Bible of the English Constitution.”
Magna Carta Constitutional Convention 2014
On the 25th April 2014 80 young people from across the South East came to Runnymede to debate and draft a modern Magna Carta for the nation, the first in a series of Constitutional Conventions devised by Egham Museum to mark the 800th anniversary of Magna Carta in 2015. Music: Perspectives by Kevin MacLeod - www.incompetech.com
Views: 1685 Egham Museum
Magna Carta's 800th Anniversary Also Known as The Great Charter Was Agreed in June 1215
Magna Carta's 800th Anniversary Two days of national celebrations are under way to commemorate Magna Carta - the failed treaty between a tyrannical king and his rebellious barons which turned into a decisive moment for English democracy and justice. Also known as the Great Charter, it was agreed in June 1215, but within weeks it was torn up and the country was plunged into civil war. Despite this, many of the principles in the charter survived and became law - with the language adopted in democracies around the world. Today, a statue of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth will be unveiled on the site of the treaty negotiations at Runnymede on the banks of the River Thames. And tomorrow, the Queen, members of her family and the Prime Minister will attend an event on the site. Her predecessor, King John, is regarded as one of Britain's worst monarchs, and it was his dispute with the landowning aristocracy which formed the background to the creation of Magna Carta. The barons forced him to accept new laws and a limitation on his power. There are four copies of the charter still in existence - one each in Lincoln and Salisbury Cathedrals, and two in the British Library. Those who negotiated the treaty would be astonished at how its reputation has survived eight centuries, because it was annulled after only 10 weeks. The Pope ruled that King John had been forced to sign it under duress. Yet in the years afterwards, the language in the charter was revised and reintroduced and became part of the cornerstone of English law. "If the barons looked at how we were celebrating it they'd be quite amused," says human rights barrister John Cooper QC. He equates Magna Carta to scoring an early goal in a football match. It wasn't decisive, but it shaped what followed. And he argues that some of the rights envisaged by the charter, such as trial by jury, are under threat.
Views: 116 World Around
038 Carolyn Harris: Magna Carta & North America
Source: http://www.benfranklinsworld.com/038 Are you ready to time travel? 2015 marks the 800th anniversary of Magna Carta, a document created to limit the powers of King John of England and his successors in 1215. Today, Magna Carta and its four key principles continue to influence and inspire the governments of English-speaking countries around the world, including the United States and Canada. In today’s episode, we explore Magna Carta and its long legacy with Carolyn Harris, author of Magna Carta and Its Gifts to Canada: Democracy, Law, and Human Rights.
Views: 85 Liz Covart
Sleep Easy Every Night - The Magna Carta
Get to sleep easily with a relaxing reading of the English translation of the Magna Carta. Sleep Easy Every Night starts with a short relaxation and breathing exercise. Then, I read the Magna Carta of 1215 - whose principles were inspiration for the Constitution of the United States. It's beautiful, classical language is just interesting enough to keep your mind from racing, yet boring enough to let you rest and fall asleep quickly. I added some light, relaxing tempo music. If you're having trouble sleeping, this video should have you asleep in no time! Voice: Michael Murphy Music: Michael Murphy Magna Carta Text Source: Source: G.R.C. Davis, Magna Carta (London: British Museum, 1963), pp. 23–33.
Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, and American Government
www.tomrichey.net Mr. Richey explains how English traditions such as the Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights influenced the United States Constitution and American traditions of government. The Stuart Monarchs (James I, Charles I, Charles II, James II) and John Locke's ideas are also discussed. Part of my Intensive Review series for the South Carolina End of Course (EOC) exam in U.S. History Standard 1.2: Analyze the early development of representative government and political rights in the American colonies, including the influence of the British political system and the rule of law as written in the Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights, and the conflict between the colonial legislatures and the British Parliament over the right to tax that resulted in the American Revolutionary War.
Views: 120561 Tom Richey
A Magna Carta for the Internet? - #NewWorldNextWeek
Welcome back to New World Next Week – the video series from Corbett Report and Media Monarchy that covers some of the most important developments in open source intelligence news. This week: Story #1: Tehran Keeps Going Crypto For Sanction Relief https://bit.ly/2RFCZBD How To Evade Sanctions https://bit.ly/2F6W5PB The Death Of SWIFT and the Engineered Death of the Dollar https://bit.ly/2PRcXyk Choke Point: How the Government Will Control The Cashless Society https://bit.ly/2RHGYh0 Plans For Digital Currency Spark Political Crisis In Marshall Islands; President Hilda Heine’s Plan to Adopt Sovereign Cryptocurrency Prompts No-Confidence Vote https://bit.ly/2PKGCc7 Hong Kong Securities Regulator To Propose “Sandbox” For Crypto Exchanges https://reut.rs/2D9fP2I Thailand Wants To Use Blockchain To Catch Tax Dodgers https://bit.ly/2SOKLKW The Bitcoin Psyop https://bit.ly/2nmpE4y Story #2: Sir Tim Berners-Lee Launches “Magna Carta For The Web” To Save Internet From Abuse https://yhoo.it/2OzgdK1 “Principles for a Contract for the Web” https://bit.ly/2QlbQ6M Internet 2.0 Decentralized And In Our Hands? https://bit.ly/2D7wNyu Beaker Browser at the Decentralised Web Summit https://youtu.be/kW6e1GCpqpE?t=20088 Leaked Google Video After Trump’s Win Adds to Pressure From Conservatives https://bit.ly/2ARsuFY Story #3: NYC Cars to Talk to One Another Under Traffic-Safety Pilot Program https://on.wsj.com/2F4clko Waymo Robot Car Injures Motorcyclist — But Human Driver At Fault https://bit.ly/2qAInKI Welcome to Your Driverless Future https://bit.ly/2Db1pzc NWNW Flashback: Techsperts Propose Driverless Highway (Oct.5, 2017) https://bit.ly/2ARFRWs #GoodNewsNextWeek: Making Water Out Of Thin Air https://bit.ly/2RGVPIz You can help support our independent and non-commercial work by visiting http://CorbettReport.com/Support & http://MediaMonarchy.com/Support. Thank You.
Views: 27369 corbettreport
Rule of Law Series - Part 3 - The Rule of Law and Magna Carta
The Hon Kevin Lindgren AM QC speaks about important clauses from the Magna Carta and their relevance to the rule of law. Professor Lindgren's 2013 paper is not available at: http://www.ruleoflaw.org.au/kevin-lindgren-usyd/
Introduction to the Magna Carta
This video has been produced as part of the Bingham Centre's resources on the rule of law for school students. The video introduces the Magna Carta to students and discusses its legacy as a foundation for some of the principles that we still aspire to today in the justice system.
Magna Carta: Visions for the future
How does Magna Carta’s past inform our expectations of the future? What challenges await? This is part of the University of Auckland’s week long public lecture series for the 800th anniversary of Magna Carta. Andrew Little is the current Leader of the New Zealand Labour Party. He was elected to Parliament in 2011. His first job was as a solicitor for the Engineers Union (later EPMU), becoming National Secretary of the EPMU in 2000. He was elected President of the Labour Party in 2009 and has served on the boards of VUW, TEC, and WITT (Taranaki Polytechnic). Since becoming an MP he has held the ACC, Tourism, Justice and Labour portfolios, lobbying for a reversal of legal aid cuts, the introduction of corporate manslaughter laws to increase accountability in cases such as the Pike River disaster and the creation of a criminal cases review commission to review alleged miscarriages of justice. He also helped develop new policy to improve the rights of sexual assault victims. Patrick Reilly took up post as Deputy Head of Mission at the British High Commission in Wellington in January 2011. He joined the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the mid-1990s and worked on the conflict in the former Yugoslavia before being posted to South Africa as a political officer. From 2000 he worked on European Union internal policy before being posted to Dublin as First Secretary working on the Northern Ireland peace process. In 2006 Patrick led the UK team responsible for the negotiation and ratification of the EU Lisbon Treaty. He then became Deputy Head of Afghanistan Department. Patrick was appointed first head of the National Security Council Secretariat in May 2010. Dr Chris Jones is a specialist in medieval European history and keen to demonstrate the relevance of history to modern society. He is a member of the Magna Carta 800thcommittee for New Zealand and is organising our last anniversary event in 2015: Magna Carta themed panels at the NZ Historical Association in Canterbury in December. Dr Jones has recently been elected president of the Australia/NZ association of medievalists and early modernists. He is a Fellow of the UK Royal Historical Society and was previously a member of the Council Member of the Medieval Association of the Pacific. Johanna McDavitt is a representative from the Auckland branch of JustSpeak. JustSpeak is a network of young people speaking to, and speaking up, for a new generation of thinkers who want change in our criminal justice system. JustSpeak seeks to create a safer and more just Aotearoa by minimising imprisonment, enabling better rehabilitation for offenders, and focusing on the social problems that lead to offending. Johanna will talk about how the principles of the magna carta can inform present-day debate and reform in the criminal justice sector.
Views: 94 Faculty of Arts
magna carta clip 2
Description The UWI Faculty of Social Sciences was among agencies taking part in a region wide series of lectures on the Magna Carta today. The other agencies included the Constitutional Affairs and Parliamentary Studies Unit, together with the UWI Open Campus. The Magna Carta lecture was delivered by Ambassador June Soomer. It was one of several lectures being staged around the region to raise awareness of the document and to encourage discussion on its continued relevance and as part of its 800th anniversary observances. [ DR. HAMID GHANY ] Originally issued by King John of England as a practical solution to the political crisis he faced in 1215, the Magna Carta established for the first time the principle that everybody, including the king, was subject to the law. Today’s lecture examined the enduring principles of the document. [ JUNE SOOMER ] The 800th anniversary of Magna Carta is an occasion to deepen people’s understanding of the crucial role it has played in the development of human rights, democracy and liberty.
RBHD Proclamation
Magna Carta, English Great Charter, the charter of English liberties granted by King John in 1215 under threat of civil war and reissued with alterations in 1216, 1217, and 1225. The charter meant less to contemporaries than it has to subsequent generations. The solemn circumstances of its first granting have given to Magna Carta of 1215 a unique place in popular imagination; quite early in its history it became a symbol and a battle cry against oppression, each successive generation reading into it a protection of its own threatened liberties. In England thePetition of Right (1628) and the Habeas Corpus Act (1679) looked directly back to clause 39 of the charter of 1215, which stated that "no free man shall be...imprisoned or disseised [dispossessed]...except by the lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land." In the United States both the national and the state constitutions show ideas and even phrases directly traceable to Magna Carta. Earlier kings of England—Henry I, Stephen, and Henry II—had issued charters, making promises or concessions to their barons. But these were granted by, not exacted from, the king and were very generally phrased. Moreover, the steady growth of the administration during the 12th century weakened the barons' position vis-à-vis the crown. But the need for heavy taxation for the Third Crusade, and for the ransom of Richard I after his capture by the Holy Roman emperor Henry VI, increased his successor's difficulties. John's position was further weakened by a rival claim to the throne and the French attack upon John's Duchy of Normandy. In 1199, 1201, and 1205 John's barons had to be promised their "rights"; his financial exactions increased after his loss of Normandy (1204), and, during his quarrel (1208--13) with Pope Innocent III, he taxed the English church heavily. It is, therefore, not surprising that after 1213 Stephen Langton, archbishop of Canterbury, directed baronial unrest into a demand for a solemn grant of liberties by the king. The document known as the Articles of the Barons was at last agreed upon and sealed by John on June 15, 1215, atRunnymede (beside the River Thames, between Windsor and Staines, now in the county of Surrey). During the next several days the document went through further modifications and refinements, and the final version of Magna Carta was accepted by the king and the barons on June 19. Although written in stages, the charter has been traditionally discussed as consisting of a preamble and 63 clauses. Roughly, its contents may be divided into nine groups. The first concerned the church, asserting that it was to be "free." A second group provided statements of feudal law of particular concern to those holding lands directly from the crown, and the third assured similar rights to subtenants. A fourth group of clauses referred to towns, trade, and merchants. A particularly large group was concerned with the reform of the law and of justice, and another with control of the behaviour of royal officials. A seventh group concerned the royal forests, and another dealt with immediate issues, requiring, for instance, the dismissal of John's foreign mercenaries. The final clauses provided a form of security for the king's adherence to the charter, by which a council of 25 barons should have the ultimate right to levy war upon him should he seriously infringe it. Councillors for John's young son Henry III reissued the charter in 1216 and 1217, omitting all matters relating only to the political situation of 1215. In 1217 clauses relating to the forests were transferred to a separate forest charter. The great reissue of 1225, given by Henry III himself after his coming of age, differed little from that of 1217, and it was probably already realized that efforts to keep the charter up to date were impracticable. Thus the charter of 1225, again reissued by Henry III in 1264 and "inspected" and enrolled on his new statute rolls by Edward I in 1297, gradually became less a statement of current law than a sourcebook of basic principles. There are four extant "originals" of the charter of 1215, one each in Lincoln Cathedral and Salisbury Cathedral and two in the British Museum. Durham Cathedral possesses the charters of 1216, 1217, and 1225.
Views: 150 R. H.
BBC News   Magna Carta manuscripts displayed together at British Library
Written in 1215, the Magna Carta laid the foundations for democracy in Britain. It established the principle that nobody, not even the king or queen, is above the law, and paved the way for our justice system. It is now 800 years since its creation and, to mark the occasion, the four remaining original versions are being brought together for the first time at the British Library.
Views: 336 Thomas Eldridge
We know about the Constitution, but how many of us actually know the story of the Constitution? Can we trace its history to the first draft of the Constitution? The Constitution is the modern version of the Magna Carta Libertatum or The Great Charter of the Liberties, a document that was created by the Archbishop of Canterbury to make peace between the unpopular King John and the Barons. This was signed on 15 June 1215. The charter established the principle that no one was above the law — including the king. Pope Innocent III declared the Great Charter to be ‘null and void of all validity for ever’ on 24 August of the same year! Over time, many monarchs renewed the Magna Charta as and when they required, gaining political advantage. Later, it became a part of the English political life and eventually the British Parliament. It finally became the foundation for laws and legislatures protecting civil liberties of the English population.
Magna Carta and presumption of innocence
Strasbourg Plenary Debate 20.01.2016 Presumption of innocence and right to be present at trial in criminal proceedings Background note: The resolution forms part of a wider package of reports regarding procedural rights during criminal proceedings, enhancing the right to a fair trial in criminal proceedings, and guaranteeing the presumption of innocence and the right to be present at a trial. Intended to strengthen mutual trust and confidence between the different judicial systems of the member states and facilitate mutual recognition of decisions in criminal matters. Two rights linked to this principle: The right to remain silent and the right not to incriminate oneself. In addition, Member States will have to respect the following related obligations: • Before final judgment, suspects and accused persons must not to be presented as being guilty through the use of measures of physical restraint • The burden of proof must be on the prosecution while any reasonable doubts as to the guilt should benefit the accused. Whilst I fully agree with the need to provide a fair trial across the whole EU, the UK legal system already provides one of the highest standards of procedural rights in the EU. The provisions of this directive are not compatible with the principle of subsidiarity and preserving the common law nature of the UK’s legal system. EU action is not necessary in order to address the variations of Member State law in this area. The UK should opt in to measures where there is a clear added value for Britain and the British people. Historical context/Magna Carta (1215) Clause 39: ‘No free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his rights or possessions, or outlawed or exiled, or deprived of his standing in any other way, nor will we proceed with force against him, or send others to do so, except by the lawful judgement of his equals or by the law of the land.’ The term ‘presumption of innocence’ does not appear in Magna Carta, but the right to due process, as established in Clause 39, is one of three Magna Carta clauses still on the English statute books and inherent to it is the presumption that, prior to the proper judgement, you are undeserving of punishment. It has provided the historic, common-law recognition of the rights of the individual over and above the arbitrary will of a governing power and freedom from arbitrary incarceration for centuries - a constitutional safeguard against the capricious will of the state.
Views: 153 NirjDevaMEP
RA 4970   Magna Carta for Public School Teachers
Assignment in Teaching Profession BPE31
Views: 3921 Frances Jirah Paderan
The Works:Magna Carta in HK, Art Gallery Week, Nils Karten's collages and in the studio: trumpet s
The 800-year old Magna Carta or “Great Charter” signed by the highly unpopular King John of England in 1215 as a solution to a political crisis under considerable pressure from a group of rebel Barons. The charter established for the first time the principle that everybody, including the king, should be subject to the law. Not many of the specific provisions of the Magna Carta are in law today, but the principles underlying it remain a cornerstone of British political life and the Common Law system, and its influence has spread around the world. From Wednesday to Saturday this week, one of just four surviving copies of the Magna Carta is on show in Hong Kong. For art lovers, the third Art Gallery Week which runs until this Sunday has much to offer, including more than 20 new exhibition openings and 40 free public events. With over 50 galleries taking part, the event also includes talks and public tours by curators and collectors. Among the 20 new exhibitions opening during Art Gallery Week is German artist Nils Karsten’s first solo exhibition in Asia. Called “Cutting Room”, the exhibition showcases more than 40 of his collage works. Karsten says that for him the laborious process of cutting a variety of images from magazines, books, photographs, propaganda materials and so on, becomes a meditative ritual. The cut-out images are then re-arranged to form a new narrative. Karsten says his goal is to “own all images”.
Views: 529 RTHK 香港電台
800th anniversary of the Magna Carta
Sir Robert Worcester, Chairman of the Magna Carta 800th anniversary committee, explains the lasting relevance of the 'Great Charter' in the 21st century Sir Robert Worcester, is chairman of the committee that will coordinate the range of events around the 800th anniversary of the Magna Carta on June 15, 2015. He explained to the Telegraph's Matt Warman why King John's grand bargain with his barons is still significant today. "The relevance of the Magna Carta in the 21st century is that it is the foundation of liberty, some say the foundation of democracy." "Some people have said to me, 'ah, it is just about the Barons and their taxation' and I say 'yes' and much later it was called no taxation without representation and England lost a colony called America on that basis." Many thousands are expected to turn out for the Magna Carta celebrations next year. A newly elected prime minister will invite the Queen to sign a reaffirmation of its principles, and there is even talk of involving the UN in a bid to encourage the world's nations to endorse the idea of the rule of law. Get the latest headlines http://www.telegraph.co.uk/ Subscribe to The Telegraph http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=telegraphtv Like us on Facebook http://www.facebook.com/telegraph.co.uk Follow us on Twitter https://twitter.com/telegraph Follow us on Google+ https://plus.google.com/102891355072777008500/ Telegraph.co.uk and YouTube.com/TelegraphTV are websites of The Daily Telegraph, the UK's best-selling quality daily newspaper providing news and analysis on UK and world events, business, sport, lifestyle and culture.
Views: 2280 The Telegraph
Magna Carta 800  A discussion about the Great Charter HD
This transatlantic conversation with scholars at NYU London and NYU Washington, DC, focused on the impact Magna Carta has had as a foundation for law around the world and in the United States. On June 15, 1215, in a field at Runnymede, King John affixed his seal to Magna Carta. Confronted by 40 rebellious barons, he consented to their demands in order to avert civil war. Just 10 weeks later, Pope Innocent III nullified the agreement, and England plunged into internal war. Although Magna Carta failed to resolve the conflict between King John and his barons, it was reissued several times after his death. Magna Carta was written by a group of 13th-century barons to protect their rights and property against a tyrannical king. It is concerned with many practical matters and specific grievances relevant to the feudal system under which they lived. The interests of the common man were hardly apparent in the minds of the men who brokered the agreement. But there are two principles expressed in Magna Carta that resonate to this day: "No freeman shall be taken, imprisoned, disseised, outlawed, banished, or in any way destroyed, nor will We proceed against or prosecute him, except by the lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land." "To no one will We sell, to no one will We deny or delay, right or justice."
Views: 45 Tom McIntyre
Magna Carta: Drafting Modern Constitutions
Scholars, historians and contemporary thinkers discuss how Magna Carta's political and legal traditions have carried into our current times at this symposium, Conversations on the Enduring Legacy of the Great Charter, held in conjunction with the Library's exhibition, "Magna Carta: Muse and Mentor." Speakers include A.E. Dick Howard, Cornelius Kerwin and David Fontana. For transcript, captions, and more information, visit http://www.loc.gov/today/cyberlc/feature_wdesc.php?rec=6613
Views: 253 LibraryOfCongress
Magna Carta long clip
BOOK REVIEW MAGNA CARTA The Foundation of Freedom 1215-2015 By Nicholas Vincent Third Millennium Publishing Limited ISBN: 978 1 90899 028 0 www.tmiltd.com REPRESENTING ‘MANKIND’S ESCAPE FROM TYRANNY’ -- A LIVELY YET SCHOLARLY APPRECIATION OF MAGNA CARTA An appreciation by Phillip Taylor MBE and Elizabeth Taylor of Richmond Green Chambers This is a lively, authoritative and certainly compelling examination of Magna Carta and its enduring impact on British history and world history as well. Published by Third Millennium in association with Lincoln Cathedral, this is a beautiful book with stunning illustrations and engrossing narrative. But more importantly, it is an impressive work of insight and scholarship. In this eight-hundredth anniversary of Magna Carta, it presents the story of a document which, throughout the centuries, has been an inspiration and a mentor for all those who love liberty and who value justice under the rule of law. Heading a team of five experts on Magna Carta, the author Nicholas Vincent is Professor of History at the University of East Anglia -- and is also, among his other credentials, a consultant on Magna Carta to the National Archives in Washington DC and joint curator of the British Library’s Magna Carta exhibition 2015. Reminding us that Magna Carta is the most famous document in the history of England and perhaps the world, he points out that ‘it has been cited in parliamentary, congressional and constitutional debates more frequently than any other text, save only for the Christian Bible.’ In concise and fascinating detail, the book goes on to explain the many reasons why. The original purpose of the Charter in 1215 was to impose long needed reforms on the corrupt government of King John – and there’s a separate chapter by Professor Vincent on ‘the tyranny of King John’ who certainly was a tyrant with no redeeming qualities. ‘Hell itself is defiled by the presence of King John,’ said the famous thirteenth century monastic chronicler, Matthew Paris, writing in the 1240s. The book also features extensive descriptions of certain documents that preceded Magna Carta, notably the ‘Chancery Rolls’, which among other documentation, provide much evidence about the king’s system of imparting justice, and the influence and intimidation involved. It is interesting to note here that justice ‘could still be bought’ and that cases often went ahead only after ‘painful delays’, ‘themselves the result of ‘endless procedural complications, or the sheer difficulty of access to royal judges, either at Westminster or on the localities’. Unlike a number of other books published this year on Magna Carta, this book focuses first on the association of Magna Carta with Lincoln Cathedral and Castle. ‘Lincoln’ says the author, was ‘a natural destination for one of the first copies of the Charter sent throughout John’s kingdom in the summer of 1235, of which only four survive’. The commentary here repudiates those -- including some lawyers -- who dismiss Magna Carta as ‘a child of its time’ concerned only with the rights of a few barons. ‘They have ignored,’ insists the author, ‘the Charter’s enduring statements against arbitrary power’ and ‘the principles of freedom under the law.’ If you are at all unsure about any of these points, buy the book and read for yourself one of its most useful features, the translation of the Great Charter’s actual text, with handy glossary -- and note in the final chapter its impact in the twenty-first century when, unfortunately, the freedoms it upholds are continually under threat. Also have a look at Appendix 2, ‘The Magna Carta Sureties’ in which the twenty-five barons appointed in 1215 to enforce Magna Carta, are identified. (They were supported by almost 2,000 other knights.) Apart from being rather gorgeous to look at, this book is a valuable contribution to the general understanding of the significance of Magna Carta as a radical document, feared by tyrants everywhere and therefore a precious legacy for all humankind. Everybody -- not just lawyers -- should read it and a very good read it is.
Views: 58 Phillip Taylor